高珩瑞

To rule with the consent of th

高珩瑞

After reading 8 chapters of The Second Treatise of Government, I found that  Locke's idea of a favorable government in modern times would look like a democracy.There are basic concepts of a democracy.

  For Locke, governments rule with the consent of the governed. It is this consent, rather than heredity or divine appointment that give them legitimacy. The consent of free people allows governments to make laws that protect the rights of all people and are enforced as much by common consent and agreement as by force.

  Another important idea is the state of nature. Locke defined it as "a state of perfect freedom of acting and disposing of their own possessions and persons as they think fit within the bounds of the law of nature." Locke believed that equality played a major role in this balance, meaning that no one would inherently hold more power than anyone else. This automatically rules out the existence of monarchies, in which rulers are claimed to have a God-given right to ordain. Under the state of nature, each man was considered to be the "absolute lord of his own person and possessions" and "subject to no body."

 I think although Locke did not quite conceptually have a name for this form of government, Locke was far ahead of his time in coming up with what a civil government could look like.   (228 words)

2016-11-03
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