诗人与乡巴佬
The Poet and the Peasant

  • 作   者:

    欧·亨利
    O. Henry

  • 译   者:

    吉林华桥外国语学院 姬薇

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 版   本:

    中 / 英 / 双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:¥2.90
  • 8.4(5人评过)
  •   评论(7)
  •   读后感(11)

欧·亨利的小说《诗人与乡巴佬》用两条貌似不相关的主线共同勾勒出社会虚伪本质的轮廓,是十九世纪末二十世纪初美国社会的反射镜。小说中,无名小卒真正源自生活的诗作被嗤之以鼻,知名诗人的纸上谈兵之作却大受赞扬;之前怀揣巨款游荡多时也无人问津的乡巴佬,在改头换面后的一瞬间便成为了抢匪的猎物。写诗与遭遇抢劫——两个无关的事件,诗人与乡巴佬——两个没有交集的阶层,在作者对社会现实的深层揭露中相互交叉。

这是一幅生动的社会讽喻画。两个不相关的事件,两个无交集的阶层,揭示了一个共同的社会现实。无名小卒的田园诗虽真正源自生活,却被嗤之以鼻;知名诗人的作品虽是纸上谈兵,却大受赞扬。之前怀揣巨款游荡多时也无人问津的乡巴佬,在改头换面后的一瞬间便成为了抢匪的猎物。

欧·亨利是其笔名,原名为威廉·西德尼·波特(William Sydney Porter)。美国著名批判现实主义作家,世界三大短篇小说大师之一。曾被评论界誉为曼哈顿桂冠散文作家和美国现代短篇小说之父。他的作品构思新颖,语言诙谐,结局常常出人意料,其中一些名篇如《爱的牺牲》、《警察与赞美诗》、《带家具出租的房间》、《贤人的礼物》、《最后一片藤叶》等使他获得了世界声誉。

William Sydney Porter (September 11, 1862—June 5, 1910), known by his pen name O. Henry, was an American writer. O. Henry's short stories are known for their wit, wordplay, warm characterization and clever twist endings. The best known ones are A Service of Love, The Cop and the Anthem, The Furnished Room, The Gift of the Magi and The Last Leaf, which help him win fame abroad.

他的鞋是锃亮的褐色;他的帽子是最新的款式。他浅灰色的裤子上有着清晰的折痕,一块鲜艳的蓝色丝帕插在他那优雅的英式散步服的前胸口袋里。他的衣领可以给洗衣店的橱窗增光,他金色的头发也剪短了,头上那几根干草都不知去向。他光彩照人地站了一会儿,又像花花公子那样慢悠悠地逛着,寻思着晚上去哪儿找乐子。接着,他便迈着百万富翁似的优雅步伐不慌不忙地往那条不夜街走去了。但就在他止步的一刹那,他已经被这座城市里最精明、最尖的眼睛盯住了,那人将他上下打量了个遍。

Bright tan were his shoes; his hat the latest block.His light gray trousers were deeply creased; a gay blue silk handkerchief flapped from the breast pocket of his elegant English walking coat.His collar might have graced a laundry window; his blond hair was trimmed close; the wisp of hay was gone.For an instant he stood, resplendent, with the leisurely air of a boulevardier concocting in his mind the route for his evening pleasures.And then he turned down the gay, bright street with the easy and graceful tread of a millionaire.But in the instant that he had paused the wisest and keenest eyes in the city had enveloped him in their field of vision.

小说短小精悍,构思新颖独特,语言犀利,刻画入木三分,结尾耐人寻味,为人称道。

欧·亨利是20世纪初美国杰出的短篇小说大师,有“美国的莫泊桑”之称。他的作品因富于生活情趣被誉为“美国生活的幽默百科全书”。

O. Henry's stories are gems of their kind; mellow, humorous, ironic, ingenious and shot through with that eminently salable quality known as 'human interest.'" —Bennet Cerf and Van Cartmell

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