警察与赞美诗
The Cop and the Anthem

  • 作   者:

    欧·亨利
    O. Henry

  • 译   者:

    河南工程大学 赵建宇

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 版   本:

    中 / 英 / 双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:¥2.90
  • 6.7(3人评过)
  •   评论(48)
  •   读后感(15)

一部打着显著欧·亨利印记的幽默小说。流浪汉索比在冬天即将到来的时候,开始为进入他的冬季寓所——布莱克韦尔监狱作出努力,使尽各种办法想让警察逮捕他。可是,均未成功。正当他受到教堂中赞美诗的音乐的感化,决定放弃过去的生活,重新开始时,却被警察抓了起来,“如愿”被送到了监狱……这真是一个绝妙的讽刺!由此,可笑变成了可怜、可气、可叹…典型的“欧·亨利式结尾”!

he Cop and the Anthem is a December 1904 short story by the United States author O. Henry. It includes several of the classic elements of an O. Henry story, including a setting in New York City, an empathetic look at the state of mind of a member of the lower class, and an ironic ending. Soapy is homeless. He faces the urgent necessity of finding some sort of shelter for the winter. He is psychologically experienced in thinking of the local jail as a de facto homeless shelter. And the narrative shows him developing a series of tactics intended to encourage the police to classify him as a criminal and arrest him.

Soapy's ploys include swindling a restaurant into serving him an expensive meal, vandalizing the plate-glass window of a luxury shop, repeating his eatery exploit at a humble diner, sexually harassing a young woman, pretending to be publicly intoxicated, and stealing another man's umbrella. However, all of these attempts are quickly exposed as failures.

As Soapy listens to the church organ play an anthem, he experiences a spiritual epiphany in which he resolves to cease to be homeless, end his life as a tramp afflicted with unemployment, and regain his self-respect. Soapy recalls that a successful businessman had once offered him a job. Lost in a reverie, Soapy decides that on the very next day he will seek out this potential mentor and apply for employment.

As Soapy stands on the street and considers this plan for his future, however, a policeman taps him on the shoulder and asks him what he is doing. When Soapy answers “Nothing,” his fate is sealed: he has been arrested for loitering. In the magistrate’s court on the following day, he is convicted of a misdemeanor and is sentenced to three months in Riker's Island, the New York City jail.

《警察与赞美诗》是一部悲喜剧,展现了警察对犯罪行为的“容忍”和对无辜行为的惩罚这样一些社会现象。索比是这篇小说中的主人公,穷困潦倒,衣不蔽体,他为了进监狱过一个温暖的冬天而故意犯罪,惹是生非多达六次,竟没能达到目的,后来想改邪归正之时,警察却逮捕了他,仿佛是上帝和他开的一个玩笑。上帝很公平,很大方吗?对于索比来说,当他真正想要努力去做的时候,上帝偏偏又开始吝啬了,反悔了,赖皮了。

A New York City hobo named Soapy sets out to get arrested so he can avoid sleeping in the cold winter. Despite efforts at petty theft, vandalism, disorderly conduct, and “mashing” with a young prostitute, Soapy fails to draw the attention of the police. Disconsolately, he pauses in front of a church, where an anthem inspires him to clean up his life. But just when he has made up his mind to make a clean break with his past misdeeds, he is ironically charged for loitering and sentenced to three months in prison.

欧·亨利是其笔名,原名为威廉·西德尼·波特(William Sydney Porter)。美国著名批判现实主义作家,世界三大短篇小说大师之一。曾被评论界誉为曼哈顿桂冠散文作家和美国现代短篇小说之父。他的作品构思新颖,语言诙谐,结局常常出人意料,其中一些名篇如《爱的牺牲》、《警察与赞美诗》、《带家具出租的房间》、《贤人的礼物》、《最后一片藤叶》等使他获得了世界声誉。

William Sydney Porter (September 11, 1862—June 5, 1910), known by his pen name O. Henry, was an American writer. O. Henry's short stories are known for their wit, wordplay, warm characterization and clever twist endings. The best known ones are A Service of Love, The Cop and the Anthem, The Furnished Room, The Gift of the Magi and The Last Leaf, which help him win fame abroad.

他惊恐地幡然醒悟,他已经坠入了深渊,那些堕落的日子、可耻的欲望、破灭的希望、被毁掉的才能和卑鄙的动机就是他从前生活的全部。 而他的内心立即激动地回应着这种异常的情绪。一股突如其来而又强烈的冲动激励他和令人绝望的命运进行抗争。他要把自己拉出泥潭,他要重新做人,他要战胜控制着自己的邪恶。现在还有时间,他还算年轻,他要重拾自己早年的热切抱负,并坚定地去追求它们。那些庄严而又甜美的风琴音符已经在他脑中引发了一场革命。

He viewed with swift horror the pit into which he had tumbled, the degraded days, unworthy desires, dead hopes, wrecked faculties and base motives that made up his existence.And also in a moment his heart responded thrillingly to this novel mood.An instantaneous and strong impulse moved him to battle with his desperate fate.He would pull himself out of the mire; he would make a man of himself again; he would conquer the evil that had taken possession of him.There was time; he was comparatively young yet; he would resurrect his old eager ambitions and pursue them without faltering.Those solemn but sweet organ notes had set up a revolution in him.

小说借索比的故事讽刺了不合理的社会现象。在那个到处歌颂自由民主的国度中,也难免因为金钱模糊了价值观。

欧·亨利是20世纪初美国杰出的短篇小说大师,有“美国的莫泊桑”之称。他的作品因富于生活情趣被誉为“美国生活的幽默百科全书”。

O. Henry's stories are gems of their kind; mellow, humorous, ironic, ingenious and shot through with that eminently salable quality known as 'human interest.'" —Bennet Cerf and Van Cartmell

  • 警察与赞美诗
  • The Cop and the Anthem
  • 警察,伟大的名字

    警察虽有黑暗一面,但就行火一样,大部分时间带来的是光和热!展开↓

  • 反转剧

    我觉得曾经很多短篇小说都有现代反转剧的意味,建议电视台拿来改编。展开↓

  • 无巧不成书

    巧合是事情的偶然,偶然有的反映事情的必然,有的则并不反映必然,苏比在听了教堂的赞美诗后,准备重新做人,却被莫名其妙地送进监狱,这种巧合巧合应属于后者。苏比在教堂旁忏悔反遭拘捕也是一种巧合,巧就巧在他若有所思的忏悔神态正好出现在教堂旁。如果是在“街心公园长凳上”,就不可能被捕了。但这一偶然却反映了事情的必然,因为看见……展开↓

  • 作者一贯的风格

    既出人意料,又合乎情理——这是作者一向的风格。后称其为欧·亨利式结尾。一个“罪恶累累”的人竟一次次地被认定为无罪,这出人意料的结局,使读者的心情由紧张而化为轻松,进而会发出微笑(康德说过,笑产生于忽然化为乌有的期待);而一个决定改过向善的人却遭逮捕入狱。两种荒谬背后的深刻内容:为非作歹者无人过问,有心从善者反进牢门……展开↓

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  • Soapy felt a hand laid on his arm. He looked quickly around... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    it is typical of O Henry . the biggest feature of the plot is both unexpected and reasonable . A wicked man was again identified as innocent , but , after he made a decision to change for the better people , he was arrested . it is shocking and unbelievable  . the deep contents of two kinds of result behind the absurd : who do evil all kinds of evils in limbo , from the prison door in good heart . some humorous and sharp spicy language directly satire of social reality .

    2016-06-16 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • He scorned the provisions made in the name of charity for the... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    from above , I can not figure out what kind of person Soapy is . I guess he is a homeless people whitout work . Every year , he receive spport from government , but he feel no guilty , instead , he thinks it will limit his freedom . It seems that he is distingue . is he noble ? I am wondering .

    2016-06-16 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • “Three months on the Island,” said the Magistrate in the... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    The end of the story deeply broke my heart.How ironic it was!I was shocked.And I thought that the most hopeless one was Soapy.Life was so cruel that it will derive your hope from your life whenever you decide to start again.But I still want to fight for something,just simply stick up to myself, and preventing myself from being changed by this cold world.

    2016-06-15 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • An instantaneous and strong impulse moved him to battle with... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    These were the most encouraging words of the whole novel.He woke up and decided to control his own life and turned it into a better one.I do hope that every tramp will wake up one day and become hopeful to life instead of just sitting there complaining about the society.Come on,Soapy!

    2016-06-15 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • The conjunction of Soapy’s receptive state of mind and the... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    The novel once described that Soapy had a proud spirit.And now his spirit showed.After he had done so many bad things,he saw the old church and heard the beautiful music which arouse the purest part of his heart.He woke up from the terrible dream.I felt happy for him!

    2016-06-15 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • Here was an old church, quaint and rambling and gabled.... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    A detailed narration of a beautiful old church.It wad sacred and silent.And Soapy drown in the peaceful music.

    2016-06-15 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • “Of course,” said the umbrella man—“that is—well, you know how... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    What a pity.This courteous man was also a man who did some immortal things.And he felt afraid of being found out.

    2016-06-15 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • Soapy stepped inside, secured the umbrella and sauntered off... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    He tried the sixth time.Though it was a crime,I do wish that the police fulfill Soapy's dream, so that he would not do more criminal things.

    2016-06-15 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • The policeman twirled his club, turned his back to Soapy and... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    No matter how hard Soapy tried, it seemed that the police were always kind to him and didn't want to arrest him.It might be good to a thief who do not want to be caught,but to Soapy,a poor guy who can't survive himself from the cold,it's the worst decision.

    2016-06-15 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • “Sure, Mike,” she said joyfully, “if you’ll blow me to a pail... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    Unexpectedly, the girl was not that modest as she was seen.Through her words, the author told us that Soapy failed the fourth time.

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