鲁滨孙漂流记
Robinson Crusoe

  • 作   者:

    丹尼尔·笛福
    Daniel Defoe

  • 译   者:

    徐洪芬

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥9.90

  • 7.8(5人评过)
  •   评论(39)
  •   读后感(20)

当你遭遇困境无人解救,你就必须如鲁滨孙一样乐观地去改变现状。

Son of a middle-class Englishman, Robinson Crusoe puts out to sea to find adventure. And on one of his voyages he is shipwrecked on a deserted South American island for thirty-five years. After scavenging his broken ship for useful items, he had only his skills and ingenuity to keep him alive as there was to be no one else on the island for the next twenty-four years. In the middle of that twenty-fourth year he rescued a native about to be eaten by cannibals who were using his island for a place of feasting. Crusoe named this man Friday, after the day of his rescue. Friday became his faithful servant and friend, even returning with him to England after their deliverance by an English ship.

17世纪,一名英国水手鲁滨孙·克鲁索不安于中产阶级的那种平庸舒适的生活,多次出海经营。在一次去非洲贩运黑奴的途中在海上遇难,飘落荒岛。他曾多次试图制造独木船逃离孤岛,却一直没有成功。独自生活多年之后,他在岛上救下了一个将要被杀的野人——星期五。在他流落荒岛的第二十八年后鲁滨孙设法回到了祖国。

Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe that was first published in 1719. Epistolary, confessional, and didactic in form, the book is a fictional autobiography of the title character (whose real name is Robinson Kreutznaer)—a castaway who spends 28 years on a remote tropical island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers before being rescued.

丹尼尔·笛福(Daniel Defoe 1660-1731),英国作家,英国启蒙时期现实主义小说的奠基人,被誉为“英国和欧洲小说之父”。其作品可读性强,主要构架为:主人公个人通过努力,靠智慧和勇敢战胜困难,表现了当时追求冒险,倡导个人奋斗的社会风气。其代表作《鲁滨孙漂流记》,创造了与困难抗争的典型人物鲁滨孙。

Daniel Defoe was an English trader, writer, journalist, and pamphleteer, who gained fame for his novel Robinson Crusoe. Defoe is notable for being one of the earliest proponents of the novel, as he helped to popularize the form in Britain and along with others such as Richardson, is among the founders of the English novel.

我立刻发现,那里至少有九个野人,赤身裸体地围坐在一个小火堆旁。他们生火肯定不是为了取暖,因为没那个必要,天已经非常热了。不过我想,他们生火肯定是用来烧烤他们带来的人肉,好做一顿大餐。至于他们带来的人是生是死,我就不清楚了

I presently found there were no less than nine naked savages sitting round a small fire they had made, not to warm them, for they had no need of that, the weather being extremely hot, but, as I supposed, to dress some of their barbarous diet of human flesh which they had brought with them, whether alive or dead I could not tell.

小说采取了现实主义手法,回忆录式形式。这是一部自传体冒险小说。小说的情节是通过人物的自白串起来的,这样更能使读者随着故事的发展而深入到故事中,并且能够从头到尾体会主人公的心理,体验荒岛生活。

From Booklist: One of the first novels ever written, Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe (1719), the classic adventure story of a man marooned on an island for nearly 30 years, is part of our culture.

  • 第一章 生活的开端

  • 第二章 奴役与逃亡

  • 第三章 荒岛遇难

  • 第四章 初到岛上的几周

  • 第五章 建房——日记

  • 第六章 生病和内疚

  • 第七章 农业经历

  • 第八章 小岛位置勘察

  • 第九章 一条船

  • 第十章 驯养山羊

  • 第十一章 发现沙滩上的人类足迹

  • 第十二章 藏身的洞穴

  • 第十三章 西班牙船只失事

  • 第十四章 美梦成真

  • 第十五章 星期五接受教育

  • 第十六章 从食人族手中营救战俘

  • 第十七章 背叛者的到来

  • 第十八章 收复大船

  • 第十九章 重返英国

  • 第二十章 星期五战大熊

  • Chapter I Start in Life

  • Chapter II Slavery and Escape

  • Chapter III Wrecked on a Desert Island

  • Chapter IV First Weeks on the Island

  • Chapter V Builds a House—The Journal

  • Chapter VI Ill and Conscience-Stricken

  • Chapter VII Agricultural Experience

  • Chapter VIII Surveys His Position

  • Chapter IX A Boat

  • Chapter X Tames Goats

  • Chapter XI Finds Print of Man's Foot on the Sand

  • Chapter XII A Cave Retreat

  • Chapter XIII Wreck of a Spanish Ship

  • Chapter XIV A Dream Realised

  • Chapter XV Friday’s Education

  • Chapter XVI Rescue of Prisoners from Cannibals

  • Chapter XVII Visit of Mutineers

  • Chapter XVIII The Ship Recovered

  • Chapter XIX Return to England

  • Chapter XX Fight Between Friday and a Bear

  • 流浪的心

    笛福一定是个很敏感的人。鲁滨逊落脚荒岛后一天一年的心理变化描写得如此真切,尤其是他发现那个脚印后的惶恐以及之后的应对,把一个在寂静中孤单安定了十几年已经从理智上接受如此终老者突然感受到变化的心态深刻描绘了出来。从而将鲁滨逊塑造成一位有血有肉有人类细腻情感的孤单英雄,而不是高大全到惹人讨厌。      人从直立行走开……展开↓

  • 一切都是为了活着

    很难想象在那样绝望的环境下,人类求生的欲求还是那么强烈。就像《肖申克的救赎》的主人公,一样没有放弃啊。想起自己经常因为工作感情的事情情绪有波动,很抑郁,很绝望。看看真正的绝望是什么样子的,才知道自己有多么脆弱。人性的强大可以没有界限,尤其是内心的强大。做个有自信,有信仰,有勇有谋,内心强大的人吧。交一个星期五一样赤……展开↓

  • 没有梦想的时候,你老了

    当鲁滨逊还是一个孩子时,他就有一个远大的梦想,每一天都幻想着到处航海冒险,看看外面的世界是多么丰富多彩的。长大后他在反对和谴责的包围中破围而出,踏上自己的梦想旅程。我的梦想是成为一名音乐人,在我很小的时候,就爱听各种风格各种形式的音乐,通俗的高雅的。一直想自己能作曲跳舞,成为像迈克尔杰克逊一样优秀的乐界天王。但是不……展开↓

  • 鲁滨孙的另类生活

    鲁滨逊又是个彻头彻尾的“经纪人”。他热衷于航海,并不因为什么浪漫的追求,而是完全为了经济利益。他在海岛上曾发过几句金钱无用的感慨,但说过以后立刻就把见到的钱币一一收好,最后又一个不落带回英国。在他看来,非经济的社会关系和活动是次要的,父母之言不足信,安乐之家不足恋。鲁滨逊心安理得地认为贩卖黑奴是利润丰厚的风险事业。……展开↓

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