达洛维夫人
Mrs. Dalloway

  • 作   者:

    弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫
    Virginia Woolf

  • 译   者:

    川外成都学院 唐霞

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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  •   读后感(2)

一个晴朗的夏日早晨,主人公克拉丽莎·达洛维走在伦敦的街道,为自己晚上的派对采买物品。美好的天气使她想起了自己已逝的青春,以及她年轻时的狂热追随者彼得·沃尔士。她思忖自己当初嫁了可靠的达洛维,而不是捉摸不定的沃尔士,是不是一个正确的决定。沃尔士当天从印度返回伦敦来看望她,更让她突然思绪不宁。   

同时,在伦敦的另一角是一战退伍军人塞普蒂默斯·史密斯和他的妻子露西娅。史密斯患有无名的狂想症,经常幻见在一战中牺牲的好友伊凡。当权威医师决定对他实行强制隔离治疗时,他跳楼自尽。   

达洛维夫人当晚的派对很成功,名流济济。一些难得一见的旧友,那些和她一起经历了成长及年轻的旧友,也到场了,可她却抽不出身来和他们细聊。隔了那么些年,大半辈子,也想不出该说什么好。她在派对上闻知史密斯的自杀事件,心里暗自佩服这种解脱:只有这样才能真正守住自己内心纯粹的快乐吧。

Clarissa Dalloway goes around London in the morning, getting ready to host a party that evening. The nice day reminds her of her youth at Bourton and makes her wonder about her choice of husband; she married the reliable Richard Dalloway instead of the enigmatic and demanding Peter Walsh and she had not the option to be with Sally Seton. Peter reintroduces these conflicts by paying a visit that morning.

Septimus Warren Smith, a veteran of World War I suffering from deferred traumatic stress, spends his day in the park with his Italian-born wife Lucrezia, where they are observed by Peter Walsh. Septimus is visited by frequent and indecipherable hallucinations, mostly concerning his dear friend Evans who died in the war. Later that day, after he is prescribed involuntary commitment to a psychiatric hospital, he commits suicide by jumping out of a window.

Clarissa's party in the evening is a slow success. It is attended by most of the characters she has met in the book, including people from her past. She hears about Septimus' suicide at the party and gradually comes to admire the act of this stranger, which she considers an effort to preserve the purity of his happiness.

《达洛维夫人》是由弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫在1925年发表的一部长篇意识流小说。主人公的性格特征可能来源于作者的一位朋友奥托琳·莫瑞尔女士。 小说描述了主人公克拉丽莎·达洛维在一战后英国一天的生活细节。

Mrs. Dalloway (published on 14 May 1925) is a novel by Virginia Woolf that details a day in the life of Clarissa Dalloway, a fictional high-society woman in post-World War I England. It is one of Woolf's best-known novels. Created from two short stories, Mrs. Dalloway in Bond Street and the unfinished The Prime Minister, the novel's story is of Clarissa's preparations for a party of which she is to be hostess. With the interior perspective of the novel, the story travels forwards and back in time and in and out of the characters' minds to construct an image of Clarissa's life and of the inter-war social structure.

英国女作家,被誉为二十世纪现代主义与女性主义的先锋。两次世界大战期间,她是伦敦文学界的核心人物,同时也是布卢姆茨伯里派的成员之一。最知名的小说包括《达洛维夫人》、《灯塔行》、《雅各的房间》。

Adeline Virginia Woolf (25 January 1882—28 March 1941) was an English writer, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century.

During the interwar period, Woolf was a significant figure in London literary society and a member of the Bloomsbury Group. Her most famous works include the novels Mrs. Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928).

那里清晨的空气多清新、多宁静,自然比眼前的更静谧,宛如浪涛拍打,又像浪花亲吻,冰冷刺骨却又(对当时她这样芳龄十八的姑娘来说)显得肃穆,那时她对着敞开的窗伫立着,预感到某种可怕的事即将发生。她赏着花,凝视着雾霭缭绕的树丛和飞起飞落的白嘴鸭,这样站着凝视着直到听见彼得·沃尔什说:“在蔬菜中冥想吗?”——说了那样的话吗?“我喜欢人胜过花椰菜”——说了那样的话吗?

How fresh, how calm, stiller than this of course, the air was in the early morning; like the flap of a wave; the kiss of a wave; chill and sharp and yet (for a girl of eighteen as she then was) solemn, feeling as she did, standing there at the open window, that something awful was about to happen; looking at the flowers, at the trees with the smoke winding off them and the rooks rising, falling; standing and looking until Peter Walsh said, “Musing among the vegetables?”—was that it?—“I prefer men to cauliflowers”—was that it?

达洛维夫人性格的复杂性,形象的多面和立体,无论在《达洛维夫人》诞生的年代还是在之后的岁月里很少有文学作品的人物可以与之相比。

《达洛维夫人》是弗吉尼亚•伍尔夫的一部意识流代表作。在这部数万字长的小说中,作者塑造了数十位独具个性的人物,他们都因达洛维夫人而串连起来。作为这部小说的主角,达洛维夫人的形象最为引人注目,她性格之复杂,形象之多面,意识之流动,在文学作品的人物中是很少见的。作者把表面上看起来无关的情节以诗化的语言和人物对生命的敏感与思考巧妙地联系起来,在现实与理想、回忆与当前中来去自如,创造了这一部里程碑式的文学作品。

  • 达洛维夫人

  • Mrs. Dalloway

  • s

    这本书里提到爱因斯坦,这本书1925年出版的,爱因斯坦1921年获得诺贝尔奖,天哪,我喜欢欧洲。展开↓

  • 就让爱情驻足吧

    《达洛维夫人》是作者比较广为人知的意识流作品,讲述了女主人公一天之内经历的种种心理变化。应该说,对克拉丽莎和彼得都感到同情。同情克拉丽莎虽然选择了养尊处优的生活,却无法敞开心怀,对自己的旧情人表达自己的激情。同情彼得在落魄之后,虽然还爱着那个女人,却因觉得自己是个失败者而无法言说。然而转念一想,即便这两个人旧情复炽……展开↓

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