Sesame and Lilies
"Sesame" is a metaphor. Sesame and Lilies comprises two lectures delivered at Manchester in 1864 (1865) (i.e. Of Queen’s Gardens and ‘Of King’s Treasuries to which was added, in a later edition of 1871, The Mystery of Life and Its Arts). John Ruskin's Sesames and Lilies, first published in 1865, stands as a classic 19th-century statement on the natures and duties of men and women. Sesames and Lilies is an articulation of Ruskin's societal views, encouraging women to recognize their most important role: to morally guide men, and embrace that position.
Sesames and Lilies is one of the most popular works of Ruskin. There are two main parts in this collection of lectures: Of Kings' Treasuries, in which Ruskin critiques Victorian manhood, and Of Queens' Gardens, in which he counsels women to take their places as the moral guides of men and urges the parents of girls to educate them to this end. These lectures offer readers full access to Ruskin's complex and sometimes contradictory views on men and women. The accompanying essays place Sesame and Lilies within historical debates on men, women, culture and the family. Elizabeth Helsinger examines the text as a meditation on the pleasures of reading; and Jan Marsh situates the work within controversies over educational reform.
Believing that all literature and all education are only useful so far as they tend to confirm this calm, beneficent, and therefore kingly, power—first, over ourselves, and, through ourselves, over all around us, I am now going to ask you to consider with me farther, what special portion or kind of this royal authority, arising out of noble education, may rightly be possessed by women; and how far they also are called to a true queenly power. Not in their households merely, but over all within their sphere. And in what sense, if they rightly understood and exercised this royal or gracious influence, the order and beauty induced by such benignant power would justify us in speaking of the territories over which each of them reigned, as “Queens’ Gardens.”
And now I must repeat one thing I said in the last lecture: namely, that the first use of education was to enable us to consult with the wisest and the greatest men on all points of earnest difficulty. That to use books rightly, was to go to them for help: to appeal to them, when our own knowledge and power of thought failed: to be led by them into wider sight, purer conception than our own, and receive from them the united sentence of the judges and councils of all time, against our solitary and unstable opinion.
Feminist critics of the 1960s and 1970s regarded Of Queens' Gardens as an exemplary expression of repressive Victorian ideas about femininity, and they paired it with John Stuart Mill's more progressive Subjection of Women.
The accompanying essays place Sesame and Lilies within historical debates on men, women, culture and the family.
Elizabeth Helsinger examines the text as a meditation on the pleasures of reading.
Jan Marsh situates the work within controversies over educational reform.
- 附录 附录一 正确的与错误的
- 附录二 雷诺兹的失望
- 附录三 古典建筑
- 附录四 手的灵巧
- Sesame And Lilies
- II. Of Queens’ Gardens
- The Two Paths I
- II. The Unity Of Art
- III. Modern manufacture and Design
- IV. Influence of imagination in Architecture
- V. The work of iron, in nature, Art, and policy
- The king of the golden river Or the black brothers
- II. Of the proceedings of the Three brothers after the visit Of south west wind, esquire; And how little gluck had an Interview with the king of the Golden river
- III. How mr. Hans set off on An expedition to the golden River, and how he prospered Therein
- IV. How mr. Schwartz set off on An expedition to the golden River, and how he prospered Therein
- V. How little gluck set off on An expedition to the golden River, and how he prospered Therein; with other matters Of interest
- Appendices Appendix I rlght and wrong
- Appendix II reynolds’ Disappointment
- Appendix III Classical Architecture
- Appendix IV Subtlety Of Hand
- Appendix V