科学管理原理
The Principles of Scientific Management

  • 作   者:

    弗雷德里克·温斯洛·泰勒(美)
    Frederick Winslow Taylor

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥8.90

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本文的初衷是向美国机械工程师协会提交报告。笔者相信,这里所选用的简明例证将会引发工程师、工业和制造业等企业管理者的浓厚兴趣,同时也会吸引这些企业的员工。笔者希望通过这篇文章,使其他读者能够清楚地认识到这些原则同样适用于所有的社会活动,例如我们的家庭管理,农场管理,各种商业活动的管理,教堂、慈善机构、大学和政府部门的管理。

This paper was originally prepared for presentation to The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The illustrations chosen are such as, it is believed, will especially appeal to engineers and to managers of industrial and manufacturing establishments, and also quite as much to all of the men who are working in these establishments. It is hoped, however, that it will be clear to other readers that the same principles can be applied with equal force to all social activities: to the management of our homes; the management of our farms; the management of the business of our tradesmen, large and small; of our churches, our philanthropic institutions, our universities, and our governmental departments.

《科学管理原理》集中体现了其管理思想与研究成果,引起了当时美国企业界和管理学界的广泛关注,泰勒所倡导的科学管理制度被称为“泰勒制”,激起了当时人们研究和发展科学管理方法的热情,许多人成了泰勒的追随者并为科学管理理论的完善与发展作出了卓越的贡献。在漫长的管理理论发展史中,这本书被公认为是一个最重要的里程碑,它标志着一个全新的管理时代的来临,掀起了一场企业管理的变革,使得西方19世纪末20世纪初的早期工厂管理实践向科学管理迈进了一大步。时至今日,泰勒的《科学管理原理》一直被奉为管理人不可不知的经典。

The Principles of Scientific Management (1911) is a monograph published by Frederick Winslow Taylor. This laid out Taylor's views on principles of scientific management, or industrial era organization and decision theory. Taylor was an American manufacturing manager, mechanical engineer, and then a management consultant in his later years. The term "scientific management" was taken from Louis Brandeis to coordinate enterprise for everyone's benefit, but under Taylor's system of thought, workers became seen as commodities or resources that should be manipulated for profit.[1] His approach is also often referred to as Taylor's Principles, or Taylorism.

泰勒被全世界的管理学界尊称为“科学管理之父”。他是第一个认真研究劳动的人;第一个把管理当作一门科学的人;一个被社会主义伟大导师列宁推崇备至的人;一个影响了人类工业化进程的人。

Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency. He was one of the first management consultants.Taylor was one of the intellectual leaders of the Efficiency Movement and his ideas, broadly conceived, were highly influential in the Progressive Era (1890s-1920s).

管理的第一要务应该是保证雇主以及每一位雇员实现财富最大化。

“财富最大化”,从广义上说不仅意味着企业或其所有者能获得高额利润,还意味着企业的各个部门运营状况达到最佳,只有这样,每位雇主才能实现永久的财富最大化。

The principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for each employee.

The words “maximum prosperity” are used, in their broad sense, to mean not only large dividends for the company or owner, but the development of every branch of the business to its highest state of excellence, so that the prosperity may be permanent.

  • 引言

  • 第一章 科学管理的基础

  • 第二章 科学管理原理

  • INTRODUCTION

  • CHAPTER I. FUNDAMENTALS OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT

  • CHAPTER II. THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT

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