国富论(英汉对照)
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Chinese-English Bilingual Edition)

  • 作   者:

    亚当·斯密
    Adam Smith

  • 译   者:

    王雨涵

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥12.00

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现代经济学的开山之作,奠定了资本主义自由经济的理论基础。

An important theme that persists throughout the book is the idea that the economic system is automatic, and, when left with substantial freedom, able to regulate itself. This is often referred to as the “invisible hand.” The ability to self-regulate and to ensure maximum efficiency, however, is threatened by monopolies, tax preferences, lobbying groups, and other “privileges” extended to certain members of the economy at the expense of others.

《国富论》是“现代经济学之父”亚当·斯密最具影响力的代表作品。亚当·斯密认为国民财富的产生主要取决于两个因素,一是劳动力的技术、技巧和判断力,二是劳动力和总人口的比例;在这两个因素中,第一个因素起决定性作用。书中阐述了所谓市场上“一只看不见的手”。

《国富论》一般被看作是现代经济学的开山之作,后来的经济学家基本是沿着他的方法分析经济发展规律的。这部著作也奠定了资本主义自由经济的理论基础,第一次提出了“市场经济会由‘无形之手’自行调节”的理论。

It is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith. First published in 1776, the book offers one of the world's first collected descriptions of what builds nations' wealth, and is today a fundamental work in classical economics. By reflecting upon the economics at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the book touches upon such broad topics as the division of labour, productivity, and free markets.

亚当·斯密,英国苏格兰哲学家和经济学家,英国古典政治经济学最伟大的代表。

Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. He is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759), and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776).

尽管人类的智慧预见到分工会产生普遍富裕并希望实现普遍富裕,但为我们带来诸多好处的分工却并不是人类主动发挥智慧的结果。它是人类本性中某种无意识倾向的必然结果,虽然这一结果的产生经历了相当漫长的发展过程。这种倾向就是互通有无,物物交换,以货易货。

This division of labour, from which so many advantages are derived, is not originally the effect of any human wisdom, which foresees and intends that general opulence to which it gives occasion. It is the necessary, though very slow and gradual, consequence of a certain propensity in human nature which has in view no such extensive utility; the propensity to truck, barter, and exchange one thing for another.

  • 导论及全书设计

  • 第一篇、论劳动生产力逐渐提高的原因,以及产品在不同阶层间自由分配的顺序

  • 第二篇、论资本的性质及其积累和用途

  • 第三篇、论不同国家不同的富裕进程

  • 第四篇、论政治经济学体系

  • 第五篇、论君主或国家的收入

  • Introduction and Plan of the Work

  • Book I Of the Causes of Improvement is the Productive Powers of Labour, and of the Order According to Which its Produce is Naturally Distributed Among the Different Ranks of the People

  • Book II. Of the Nature, Accumulation, and Employment of Stock

  • BOOK III Of the DifferentProgress of Opulence in DifferentNations

  • Book IV Of Systems of PoliticalEconomy

  • Book V Of the Revenue of the Sovereign or Commonwealth