莫泊桑经典短篇集(十二)
Classic Writings of Guy De Maupassant (Vol XII)

  • 作   者:

    莫泊桑
    Guy de Maupassant

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

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法国19世纪文学家莫泊桑擅长撰写短篇小说,他与俄国的契诃夫、美国的欧·亨利并称"世界三大短篇小说大王"。他的短篇小说的题材非常丰富。《两枚夹发针》整篇故采用对话形式。故事以男主人公的口吻娓娓道来,充满了讽刺意味。《嫁妆》中,女人向往幸福的婚姻,殊不知在物欲横流、金钱万能的时代,美好的婚姻正遭受着巨大的考验。《醉汉》是一个情节简单、结局却出人意料的悲剧故事。作者完全从一个醉汉的视角和逻辑出发进行描写,这种毫无参与感的无力和不确定,更给读者心灵带来一种强烈的震撼。《两性人》通过对细节和琐事的描写刻画两性人反常的性格和行为。本文表现了作者对当时政府和议会的讽刺,以及对当时社会现实的批判。

Maupassant is considered as one of the trendsetters like Somerset Maugham and O. Henry in the field of contemporary short story. He is famous for clever plotting and realistic art in displaying his subject. In The Double Pins, the story is displayed in the form of dialogue. In The Dowry, the woman longs for the perfect marriage, but on the contrary, her marriage is faced with huge challenges. The Drunkard is a tragedy of simple plots and unpredicable ending. The author describes the story in the logic and perspective of a drunken person. In The Effeminates, Maupassant criticizes the government as well as the society of his times thruogh descriptions of seemingly trivial details.

本集包含了“短篇小说之王”莫泊桑的《两枚夹发针》、《嫁妆》、《醉汉》和《两性人》这四本小说。《两枚夹发针》是说一个花花公子在向他的朋友讲述自己被两个情人“戏弄”的经历。《嫁妆》讲述了勒布吕蒙在笼络了妻子的芳心和信任之后,他完美地抛弃“娇妻”,携“嫁妆”潜逃。《醉汉》讲述了在一个暴风雨肆虐下的小镇,两个水手夜晚在酒吧喝酒作乐,却引发出了一出死亡惨剧的故事。《两性人》讲述两性人之间的关系分分合合,变化多端,神秘难懂。他们又都在因自己的利益而选择取舍,伪善的面孔下暗藏缜密心机。

This book contains four short stories of Maupassant: The Double Pins, The Dowry, The Drunkard and The Effeminates. The Double Pins tells a story that the protagonist talks to his friends about his experience of being "cheated" by his two lovers. In The Dowry, after the protagonist wins his wife's trust, he absconds with the dowry. In The Drunkard, it is about a tragedy of death, which results from two sailors drinking in a bar. The Effeminates describes the treacherous and scheming nature of the effeminates.

莫泊桑,19世纪后半期法国优秀的批判现实主义作家。莫泊桑早就有神经痛的征兆,但他长期顽强地与病魔斗争,坚持写作,巨大的劳动强度与未曾收敛的放荡生活使他逐渐病入膏肓,于1893年7月6日逝世,享年43岁。莫泊桑一生创作了6部长篇小说和359篇中短篇小说,还有三部游记,被誉为“短篇小说之王”。

Guy de Maupassant ( 5 August 1850–6 July 1893) was a popular French writer, considered one of the fathers of the modern short story and one of the form's finest exponents. Maupassant was a protégé of Flaubert and his stories are characterized by economy of style and efficient, effortless dénouements (outcomes). Many are set during the Franco-Prussian War of the 1870s, describing the futility of war and the innocent civilians who, caught up in events beyond their control, are permanently changed by their experiences. He wrote some 300 short stories, six novels, three travel books, and one volume of verse. His first published story, "Boule de Suif" ("Ball of Fat", 1880), is often considered his masterpiece.

北风携着暴雨,吹着一团团硕大而浓黑的乌云在天空中穿过,倾盆大雨从云团中一泻而下,凶狠地落到大地上。

大海波涛汹涌,把迟缓而泛着泡沫的巨浪拍打到海岸线上,发出雷鸣般的轰隆声。

海浪一浪紧接着一浪汹涌而来,像山一样高,落下后化作无数泡沫分散开来。

暴风雨席卷了伊波尔这个小山谷,狂风咆哮着,把屋顶的木瓦掀起来,击碎护窗板,折断烟囱,飞窜到狭窄街道上,强劲的风力使得人们只有扶住墙壁才能往前挪动,孩子们则可能像落叶一样被吹向空中,越过房顶刮到田野上。

The north wind was blowing a hurricane, driving through the sky big, black, heavy clouds from which the rain poured down on the earth with terrific violence.

A high sea was raging and dashing its huge, slow, foamy waves along the coast with the rumbling sound of thunder.

The waves followed each other close, rolling in as high as mountains, scattering the foam as they broke.

The storm engulfed itself in the little valley of Yport, whistling and moaning, tearing the shingles from the roofs, smashing the shutters, knocking down the chimneys, rushing through the narrow streets in such gusts that one could walk only by holding on to the walls, and children would have been lifted up like leaves and carried over the houses into the fields.

  • 两枚夹发针

  • 嫁妆

  • 醉汉

  • 两性人

  • The Double Pins

  • The Dowry

  • The Drunkard

  • The Effeminates

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