有产业的人
The Man of Property

  • 作   者:

    约翰·高尔斯华绥
    John Galsworthy

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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高尔斯华绥的作品以十九世纪后期和二十世纪初期的英国社会为背景,描写了英国资产阶级的社会和家庭生活, 以及盛极而衰的历史。他的作品语言简炼,形象生动,讽刺辛辣。小说对资产者作了犀利的讽刺,是最能体现高尔斯华绥进步思想和艺术手法的现实主义杰作。但它也反映了作者的思想局限:描写的生活圈子过于狭隘,局限于资产阶级中上层的家庭、婚姻、道德领域,而没有展现出那一时代广阔的社会风貌;在揭露和讽刺"福尔赛精神"的同时,却又对福尔赛家族某些重要成员如老乔里恩等人作了理想化的描写。

《有产业的人》(1906)是高尔斯华绥的《福尔赛世家》三部曲中的第一部。书中所描写的福尔赛世家正处于由兴盛到衰落的转折时期。福尔赛一家是金融家、交易所经纪人、拥有房地产或者股票的资产阶级,他们对立身处世、待人接物,对衣食住行、家庭关系,对殖民地、不列颠帝国等都形成了本质上相同的看法,这就是书中所讲的“福尔赛精神”,它的主要特征是“紧抓住财产不放,不管是老婆,还是房子,还是金钱,还是名誉”。

In this first novel of the Forsyte Saga, after introducing us to the impressive array of Forsytes headed by the formidable Aunt Ann, Galsworthy moves into the main action of the saga by detailing Soames Forsyte's desire to own things, including his beautiful wife, Irene Forsyte (née Heron). He is jealous of her friendships and wants her to be his alone. He concocts a plan to move her to the country, to Robin Hill and a house he had built, away from everyone she knows and cares about. She resists his grasping intentions, falls in love with the architect Philip Bosinney who has been engaged by Soames to build the house and has an affair with him. However, Bosinney is the fiancé of her friend June Forsyte, the daughter of Soames's cousin 'Young' Jolyon. There is no happy ending: Irene leaves Soames after he asserts what he perceives to be his ultimate right on his property – he rapes Irene, and Bosinney dies under the wheels of an omnibus after being driven frantic by the news of Irene's rape by Soames.

约翰•高尔斯华绥(1867—1933)是英国二十世纪继承批判现实主义的代表作家。父亲是伦敦的著名律师。一八九九年高尔斯华绥在牛津大学法律系毕业,但对律师业务不感兴趣,而专心从事文学写作。他早期以约翰•辛约翰的笔名写了几部小说,但没有引起人们注意。高尔斯华绥的重要作品有:长篇小说三部曲《福尔赛世家》(由《有产业的人》1906、《骑虎》1920和《出租》1821组成)、三部曲《现代喜剧》(由《白猿》1926、《银匙》1926和《天鹅之歌》1928组成)、三部曲《尾声》(《女侍》1931、《开花的荒野》1932和《河那边》1933组成),以及剧本《银匣》(1936)、《斗争》(1909)、《群众》(1914)和《逃跑》(1926)等。

John Galsworthy OM (14 August 1867 – 31 January 1933) was an English novelist and playwright. Notable works include The Forsyte Saga (1906–1921) and its sequels, A Modern Comedy and End of the Chapter. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1932. John Galsworthy was born at what is now known as Galsworthy House (then called Parkhurst) on Kingston Hill in Surrey, England, the son of John and Blanche Bailey (née Bartleet) Galsworthy. His family was wealthy and well established, with a large estate in Kingston upon Thames that is now the site of three schools: Marymount International School, Rokeby Preparatory School, and Holy Cross Preparatory School.

  • PREFACE

  • PART I

  • PART II

  • PART III

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