屠场
The Jungle

  • 作   者:

    厄普顿·辛克莱
    Upton Sinclair

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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该书描写了一个立陶宛移民家庭—尤吉斯一家的悲惨遭遇。他们满怀憧憬从家乡来到美国寻梦,在芝加哥屠场区找到工作,以为美好生活将从此开始。不料灾难接踵而至,先是尤吉斯工伤失业,接着妻子奥娜被工头奸污,尤吉斯怒打工头而入狱,随后妻子难产死亡,幼小的儿子淹死。亲朋好友中男的流落街头,女的被逼为娼,美国梦演变为可怕的梦魇。更悲哀的是,这个万恶的资本主义机器不仅害得他家破人亡。作者辛克莱 ,更毒害了他的心灵。他自暴自弃,干起合伙抢劫的勾当,甚至还在屠场罢工时当上了工贼。所幸的是,在风起云涌的社会主义运动中,尤吉斯终于找到了人生的奋斗目标,他的阶级觉悟被唤醒。小说结尾时,他深信社会主义是唯一的出路,而这也正是辛克莱的信仰。

该书描写大企业对工人的压榨和芝加哥屠宰场的不卫生情况,引起人们对肉类加工质量的愤怒,导致制订了食品卫生检查法。后以反法西斯英雄兰尼·巴德为主人公写了11本系列小说,反映1914年以来的重大事件。

The Jungle is a 1906 novel written by author and journalist Upton Sinclair. Sinclair wrote the novel to highlight the plight of the working class and to show the corruption of the American meatpacking industry during the early-20th century. The novel depicts in harsh tones poverty, absence of social programs, unpleasant living and working conditions, and hopelessness prevalent among the working class, which is contrasted with the deeply-rooted corruption on the part of those in power. Sinclair's observations of the state of turn-of-the-century labor were placed front and center for the American public to see, suggesting that something needed to be changed to get rid of American "wage slavery". The novel is also an important example of the "muckraking" tradition begun by journalists such as Jacob Riis.

美国现实主义小说家。“社会丑事揭发派”(muckraker)作家。1906年发表《屠宰场》(The Jungle),描写大企业对工人的压榨和芝加哥屠宰场的不卫生情况,引起人们对肉类加工质量的愤怒,导致制订了食品卫生检查法。后以反法西斯英雄兰尼·巴德为主人公写了11本系列小说,反映1914年以来的重大事件。一生共著有小说和社会研究著作80余部。

Upton Beall Sinclair, Jr.(September 20, 1878–November 25, 1968) was an American author who wrote nearly 100 books and other works across a number of genres. Sinclair's work was well-known and popular in the first half of the twentieth century, and he won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1943.In 1906, Sinclair acquired particular fame for his classic muckraking novel, The Jungle, which exposed conditions in the U.S. meat packing industry, causing a public uproar that contributed in part to the passage a few months later of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act. In 1919, he published The Brass Check, a muckraking exposé of American journalism that publicized the issue of yellow journalism and the limitations of the “free press” in the United States. Four years after publication of The Brass Check, the first code of ethics for journalists was created. Time magazine called him "a man with every gift except humor and silence." He is remembered for writing the famous line: "It is difficult to get a man to understand something, when his salary depends upon him not understanding it."

It was four o'clock when the ceremony was over and the carriages began to arrive. There had been a crowd following all the way, owing to the exuberance of Marija Berczynskas. The occasion rested heavily upon Marija's broad shoulders—it was her task to see that all things went in due form, and after the best home traditions; and, flying wildly hither and thither, bowling every one out of the way, and scolding and exhorting all day with her tremendous voice, Marija was too eager to see that others conformed to the proprieties to consider them herself.

  • Chapter 1

  • Chapter 2

  • Chapter 3

  • Chapter 4

  • Chapter 5

  • Chapter 6

  • Chapter 7

  • Chapter 8

  • Chapter 9

  • Chapter 10

  • Chapter 11

  • Chapter 12

  • Chapter 13

  • Chapter 14

  • Chapter 15

  • Chapter 16

  • Chapter 17

  • Chapter 18

  • Chapter 19

  • Chapter 20

  • Chapter 21

  • Chapter 22

  • Chapter 23

  • Chapter 24

  • Chapter 25

  • Chapter 26

  • Chapter 27

  • Chapter 28

  • Chapter 29

  • Chapter 30

  • Chapter 31

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