复活
Resurrection

  • 作   者:

    列夫·托尔斯泰
    Leo Tolstoy

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 版   本:

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  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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《复活》是托尔斯泰最后一部长篇小说,是作家一生探索和思想的总结,被誉为俄国批判现实主义发展的高峰。小说通过玛丝洛娃的苦难遭遇和聂赫留朵夫的上诉经过,广泛而深刻地抨击了法庭、监狱、官僚机关的腐败、黑暗,揭露了封建统治阶级骄奢淫逸的生活和反动官吏的残暴昏庸、毫无人性,撕下了官办教会的伪善面纱,反映了农村的破产和农民的极端贫困,勾画了一幅已经走到崩溃边缘的农奴制俄国的社会图画。

《复活》是俄国作家列夫·托尔斯泰的代表作之一。本书取材于一件真实事件,主要描写男主人公聂赫留朵夫引诱姑妈家女仆玛丝洛娃,使她怀孕并被赶出家门。后来,她沦为妓女,因被指控谋财害命而受审判。男主人公以陪审员的身份出庭,见到从前被他引诱的女人,深受良心谴责。他为她奔走伸冤,并请求同她结婚,以赎回自己的罪过。上诉失败后,他陪她流放西伯利亚。他的行为感动了她,使她重新爱他。但为了不损害他的名誉和地位,她最终没有和他结婚而同一个革命者结为伉俪。

列夫·尼古拉耶维奇·托尔斯泰,俄国作家、思想家,19世纪末20世纪初最伟大的文学家,19世纪俄国伟大的批判现实主义作家,是世界文学史上最杰出的作家之一,他被称颂为具有“最清醒的现实主义”的“天才艺术家”。主要作品有长篇小说《战争与和平》《安娜·卡列尼娜》《复活》等,也创作了大量的童话,是大多数人所崇拜的对象。他的作品描写了俄国革命时的人民的顽强抗争,因此被称为“俄国十月革命的镜子”列宁曾称赞他创作了世界文学中“第一流”的作品。他的作品《七颗钻石》《跳水》《穷人》已被收入人教版和冀教版小学语文书。

Leo Tolstoy,best known for War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877). He first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s with his semi-autobiographical trilogy, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856), and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based upon his experiences in the Crimean War. Tolstoy's fiction includes dozens of short stories and several novellas such as The Death of Ivan Ilyich, Family Happiness, and Hadji Murad. He also wrote plays and numerous philosophical essays.

The sun shone warm, the air was balmy; everywhere, where it did not get scraped away, the grass revived and sprang up between the paving-stones as well as on the narrow strips of lawn on the boulevards. The birches, the poplars, and the wild cherry unfolded their gummy and fragrant leaves, the limes were expanding their opening buds; crows, sparrows, and pigeons, filled with the joy of spring, were getting their nests ready; the flies were buzzing along the walls, warmed by the sunshine.

  • TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE
  • Book I
  • BOOK II
  • BOOK III
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