抵达耶路撒冷
Jerusalem Delivered

  • 作   者:

    托克达·他索
    Torquato Tasso

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

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这是一本描绘浪漫史诗的诗集,是意大利文艺复兴时期的结晶,他索经常直接从阿里奥斯托的奥兰多中借鉴情节等元素于他的诗歌创作之中。他索的诗也受到荷马和维吉尔的经典史诗(尤其是部分作品,讲述围攻和战争)的启发。塔索的诗最具特色的文学手法是描绘情感难题,人物在自身的心理和他们的职责之间徘徊;诗集的核心思想是赞扬英勇无畏的精神和爱情。

The work belongs to the Italian Renaissance tradition of the romantic epic poem, and Tasso frequently borrows plot elements and character types directly from Ariosto's Orlando furioso. Tasso's poem also has elements inspired by the classical epics of Homer and Virgil (especially in those sections of their works that tell of sieges and warfare). One of the most characteristic literary devices in Tasso's poem is the emotional conundrum endured by characters torn between their heart and their duty; the depiction of love at odds with martial valour or honor is a central source of lyrical passion in the poem.

此书是意大利使人他索首次与1581年出版的史诗性的诗歌,讲述了基督徒的首次十字军东征,为了得到耶路撒冷而和穆斯林进行战争。诗歌由二十首不同幅长的八行诗歌组成。此部作品数亿意大利文艺复兴传统下的浪漫主义史诗,书中的故事情节多取自亚历斯托的书,他索诗歌中的元素同样受到了荷马史诗的的激励。

Jerusalem Delivered is an epic poem by the Italian poet Torquato Tasso first published in 1581, which tells a largely mythified version of the First Crusade in which Christian knights, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, battle Muslims in order to take Jerusalem. The poem is composed of eight line stanzas grouped into 20 cantos of varying length.

托克达•他索(生卒年月:1544–1595年4月25日)是十六世纪的意大利诗人。他最著名的诗歌是诗集《抵达耶路撒冷》,写于1581年。在这本书中,他描绘了一场发生于基督徒和穆斯林之间极富创造力的斗争故事,这个故事发生在在第一次十字军东征结束,耶路撒冷被围攻期间。作者在创作期间一直忍受着精神疾病,在罗马教皇决定授予他桂冠诗人头衔的前几天便不幸逝世了。直到20世纪初,托克达•他索的诗集《抵达耶路撒冷》仍是欧洲流传最广泛的读本。

Torquato Tasso (Italian 11 March 1544 – 25 April 1595) was an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem La Gerusalemme liberata (Jerusalem Delivered, 1581), in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the siege of Jerusalem. He suffered from mental illness and died a few days before he was due to be crowned as the king of poets by the Pope. Until the beginning of the 20th century, Tasso remained one of the most widely read poets in Europe.

The sacred armies, and the godly knight, That the great sepulchre of Christ did free, I sing; much wrought his valor and foresight, And in that glorious war much suffered he; In vain 'gainst him did Hell oppose her might, In vain the Turks and Morians armed be: His soldiers wild, to brawls and mutinies prest, Reduced he to peace, so Heaven him blest.

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