论人的尊严
Oration on the Dignity of Man

  • 作   者:

    皮克·德拉·米兰德拉
    Pico della Mirandola

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

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    ¥5.90

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倘若你看到有人只是口腹之欲的奴隶,在地上爬行,你看到的不是人,而是植物;倘若你看到有人为自己的感觉所奴役,被幻想出的空洞影像所蒙蔽,耽于其蛊惑人心的咒语,你看到的不是人,而是野兽。倘若你看到一个哲学家用正确的理性辨识事物,崇敬他吧,因为这个生灵不属地,而属天。倘若你看到一个纯粹的沉思者,忘却了身体,专注心智深处,这个生灵就既不属天也不属地:这是一个虽穿着肉身却崇高的神灵。

本书是皮克·德拉·米兰德拉在23岁(1486年)时写就的一篇长篇讲演稿,收录了皮科就宗教、哲学、自然哲学等方面提出的900个论题。书中语言生动优美、情绪饱满,从中我们可以领略到文艺复兴时代的古朴、典雅和涌动的激情。

This book represents the preface to the nine-hundred theses on the meaning of man in the world from the perspective of a 15th century prince, mystic, philosopher, alchemist. In this salubrious text we see Pico della Mirandola attempting to fuse the varied religious and philosophical traditions of Zoroaster, ancient Judaism, Plato, and Aristotle into a laudation of the creation of man by the Divine. This text is the founding statement of the "humanist" doctorine which argues that God gave Man "free will" which (if used virtuously) allows man to strive for dignity in the eyes of a beneficent God. This translation aptly conveys the passion and erudition of this great philosopher.

《论人的尊严》是皮克·德拉·米兰德拉在23岁(1486年)时写就的一篇长篇讲演稿。是年,皮科就宗教、哲学、自然哲学等方面提出了900个论题,试图在罗马大会上进行讨论,最终,大会因教皇的反对而搁浅,但这篇为开幕式准备的演讲稿却声名远扬,被誉为“文艺复兴的宣言”。在这本小册子中,皮科赞颂人是自由的造物,能认识并能管理一切存在物。他提出,人的尊严来自于人的形象并未被先天地规定下来,而是可以通过道德自律、不断进取而实现自己的完善。皮科的论述无比深刻地体现了文艺复兴的精神底色:人文主义,对人的自然(natura)的确信,以及对不同学科、文化、哲学和宗教的开放态度。

The Oration on the Dignity of Man (De hominis dignitate) is a famous public discourse pronounced in 1486 by Pico della Mirandola, an Italian scholar and philosopher of the Renaissance. It has been called the "Manifesto of the Renaissance".

Pico, who belonged to the family that had long dwelt in the Castle of Mirandola, left his share of the ancestral principality to his two brothers to devote himself wholly to study. In his fourteenth year, he went to Bologna to study canon law and fit himself for the ecclesiastical career. Repelled by the purely positive science of law,[citation needed] he devoted himself to the study of philosophy and theology, and spent seven years wandering through the chief universities of Italy and France, studying Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Syriac, and Arabic.

皮克·德拉·米兰德拉,康科迪亚伯爵 (Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni, COUNT DI CONCORDIA ,1463年2月24日-1494年11月17日),意大利 文艺复兴 时期哲学家 。其著作《论人的尊严》 (Oratio de hominis dignitate )被称为“文艺复兴时代的宣言”。此外,该哲学家还因其在1486年大胆地提出反驳宗教 、哲学 、自然哲学 和奇幻术 的900论题 而名声大噪,值得称道的是,那是的他才仅仅23岁。

Count Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (24 February 1463 – 17 November 1494) was an Italian Renaissance philosopher. He is famed for the events of 1486, when at the age of 23, he proposed to defend 900 theses on religion, philosophy, natural philosophy, and magic against all comers, for which he wrote the famous Oration on the Dignity of Man, which has been called the "Manifesto of the Renaissance", and a key text of Renaissance humanism and of what has been called the "Hermetic Reformation".

I once read that Abdala the Muslim, when asked what was most worthy of awe and wonder in this theater of the world, answered, "There is nothing to see more wonderful than man!" Hermes Trismegistus concurs with this opinion: "A great miracle, Asclepius, is man!"

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