野性的呼唤(英文版)
The Call of the Wild

  • 作   者:

    杰克·伦敦
    Jack London

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥6.90

巴克是一只壮硕的狗;它的主人米勒先生,住在加州。1897年,人们在北极发现金矿,需要壮狗拉金子到城镇。曼纽尔是米勒先生的员工,他很爱钱。有一天他趁人不注意时,偷偷将巴克牵去卖给一个人,但是巴克并不喜欢那个人,不断地想从那人手中挣脱;最后巴克和其他的狗被送到阿拉斯加运送金子。到阿拉斯加的隔天,巴克就目睹另一只狗克力,因无法适应而被其他狗活活咬死的惨剧。虽然巴克尽量努力的学习拉车,但是它的主人对它一直很不友善;不久它发现狗群中有两只竟然对拉车很起劲;巴克也渐渐学到,在这群野狗之中,生存的要诀和技巧是要有野性。有一天,巴克因另一只狗班长占据它的窝而和它打起来,正当此时,突然间出现一群野狗来征食它们的食物,并且咬伤它们。隔天有一只母狗桃莉,似乎发疯了,它突然攻击巴克,幸好得到它的主人及时解救。天气越来越暖和,它们的拉车旅途也越来越危险,好几次都因冰薄而掉人冰河差一点丧命。为了赚钱,它们必须趁天气好的日子延长工作时间,主人因此为巴克穿上靴子。它们白天像马一般,半夜对着天空枭鸣。

The Call of the Wild is a novella by American author Jack London published in 1903. The story takes place in the extreme conditions of the Yukon during the 19th-century Klondike Gold Rush, where strong sled dogs were in high demand. After Buck, a domesticated dog, is snatched from a pastoral ranch in California, he is sold into a brutal life as a sled dog. The novella details Buck's struggle to adjust and survive the cruel treatment he receives from humans, other dogs, and nature. He eventually sheds the veneer of civilization altogether and instead relies on primordial instincts and the lessons he has learned to become a respected and feared leader in the wild.

The Call of the Wild is London's most popular work and is considered the masterpiece of his so-called "early period." The novella is often classified as children's literature because of its animal protagonist, but the maturity of its subject matter makes it valuable for older audiences as well. Major themes include survival of the fittest, civilization versus nature, and fate versus free will.

The Yeehat, a group of Canadian aboriginal people portrayed in Call of the Wild, were a figment of London's imagination.

小说讲述一条名为“巴克”的狗的故事,它从一只自命不凡的农庄领头狗,到挣扎在冰川雪地里的雪橇狗,直到最后带领狼群,令人畏惧的狗,它经历了被人拐卖、虐待、奴役到被拯救历程。作者以狗作为主人公,是对“人乃万物之灵长”这一观念的挑战,是对人类的中心主义行为的批判。

Gold was found in Alaska, the rush to obtain it required a strong constitution and many dogs to do the work that horses usually did in the states. Buck (a dog that is half St Bernard and half Shepherd) goes through many trials, and tribulations, finally realizing his potential. On the way, he learns many concepts from surprise, to deceit, and cunning; he also learns loyalty, devotion, and love. As he is growing, he feels the call of the wild.

杰克·伦敦(Jack London)(1876—1916年),美国20世纪著名的现实主义作家,是美国文学史上最重要的作家之一。出生于美国加利福尼亚旧金山的一个破产农民家庭。从1900年起,他连续发表了许多中短篇小说,因其作品大都带有浓厚的社会主义色彩,因此有人认为他是宣扬社会主义的作家,但也有人认为他是表现个人主义与民众哲学的自然主义作家。他的作品不仅在美国本土广为流传,而且受到世界各国人民的欢迎,是最受中国读者欢迎的外国作家之一。杰克·伦敦一生著述颇丰,其中最著名的有《马丁·伊登》、《野性的呼唤》、《雪虎》、《热爱生命》等。

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876—November 22, 1916) was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He is best remembered as the author of The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life. He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen, and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf . London was a passionate advocate of unionization, socialism, and the rights of workers and wrote several powerful works dealing with these topics such as his dystopian novel, The Iron Heel and his non-fiction exposé, The People of the Abyss.

有一种荒野的耐性——顽强不屈、不知疲倦,像生命本身一样持久稳固——可以使荒野里的生物保持一个动作,长时间纹丝不动。蜘蛛网里的蜘蛛,盘成圈的蛇,处在埋伏状态的豹,他们都具备这种耐性。这种耐性尤其属于正在猎取赖以生存的食物时的生命。这种耐性巴克也有。他紧守着鹿群的一侧走,阻挡公驼鹿的前进,激怒那些幼驼鹿,骚扰那些带着半大驼鹿的母驼鹿,逼得那只受伤的公驼鹿在愤怒而无助中发狂。

There is a patience of the wild—dogged, tireless, persistent as life itself—that holds motionless for endless hours the spider in its web, the snake in its coils, the panther in its ambuscade; this patience belongs peculiarly to life when it hunts its living food;and it belonged to Buck as he clung to the flank of the herd, retarding its march, irritating the young bulls, worrying the cows with their half-grown calves, and driving the wounded bull mad with helpless rage.

杰克·伦敦是世界上动物小说写得最好的作家之一,他从动物的视角观察人类和自然,通过动物的思维观察人类的行为,由此可见杰克·伦敦对自然的向往,还有对于生命的歌颂和热爱。

《野性的呼唤》是最受读者青睐的动物小说之一,被称为“世界上读者最多的美国小说”。

对杰克·伦敦的作品有人评论为,生气勃勃,健康乐观;也有人认为是文明的头脑与原始的强力的结合,是科学进化论的喉舌,代表了朝气和勇敢。他最擅长的是对于原始暴力和个人奋斗的描写,这在他的极地小说和海洋小说里表现得最为突出。《野性的呼唤》是极地小说的代表作。

 入选美国兰登书屋《现代丛书》美国文学鉴赏家推荐的“20世纪百部杰出英文小说”!

美东著名文学家和评论家陈楚年先生在《天下华人》杂志中发表的《聆捕杰克·伦敦〈野性的呼唤〉》一文中写道:“《野性的呼唤》蕴涵了一个有力的启示:苦难会给生命带来意外的转折;它不仅会提升人的应对潜能,更会使心灵中长久掩藏的世界,透过某种玄秘的启示于焉复活。反向的衍叙是:离开你一向习以为常的制约下的世界未必就是失落,在漫长磨难尽头等着的,往往正是你应归属的。”

“To this day Jack London is the most widely read American writer in the world,” E. L. Doctorow wrote in The New York Times Book Review. Generally considered to be London's greatest achievement, The Call of the Wild brought him international acclaim when it was published in 1903. His story of the dog Buck, who learns to survive in the bleak Yukon wilderness, is viewed by many as his symbolic autobiography. "No other popular writer of his time did any better writing than you will find in The Call of the Wild,” said H. L. Mencken. "Here, indeed, are all the elements of sound fiction."

  • 第一章 走进荒野

  • 第二章 棍棒与獠牙的法则

  • 第三章 有统治欲的原始野兽

  • 第四章 谁取得了统治权

  • 第五章 辔轭和雪道上的苦役

  • 第六章 为了一个人的爱

  • 第七章 呼唤的声音

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    暂时还没有评论,去书内看看…
  • The whips snapped, the bells tinkled merrily, the sleds... 全部评论(10) 去书内

    The description of "merrily tinkling bells" is in sharp contrast with the death of Dave, which strengthened the tragedy of Dave's death. The author implied the death of Dave by describing the scenery, which made it more heart-broken.

    2016-03-12 喜欢(2) 回复(0)

  • The dominant primordial beast was strong in Buck, and under... 全部评论(11) 去书内

    Buck grew stronger in the fierce conditions, so as humans.Who went through toughness became mature faster than others.

    2016-03-04 喜欢(2) 回复(0)

  • Old longings nomadic leap, Chafing at custom’s chain; Again... 全部评论(45) 去书内

    A unique start.After the long winter,the original savagery begins to rise,which shows the story of the protagonist has begun.

    2016-02-27 喜欢(2) 回复(0)

  • And here, lying by the river bank through the long spring... 全部评论(8) 去书内

    This is a simple picture, but it is also a very warm picture. The maddened spirit of Buck has resided within that tortured husk for such a long time. Finally, Buck finds a great man. The man regards Buck as his friends but not a livestock or a tool.

    2016-04-15 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • There was an instantaneous scattering of the four men who had... 全部评论(8) 去书内

    It shows how powerful and frightening Buck is.But interestingly,they dared to kidnap it.This is the strong and evil power of greedy of human.

    2016-04-09 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • Francois complied, whereupon Buck trotted in, laughing... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    Buck's reacition to his success is lovely.He deserve the leadership.

    2016-03-30 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • His cunning was wolf cunning, and wild cunning; his... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    It points out directly that Buck now is a dog with wild nature and cultivated virtues, such as intelligence. His experiences, expecially, makes him more sophisticated and formidable, and I remembered that in the former parts, Buck gets to know the lesson that only the fiercest is the best to survive.

    2016-03-27 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • Thus, as token of what a puppet thing life is, the ancient... 全部评论(3) 去书内

    There seems to be a symbol here. It is not a jugde of a moral way or wild way of life,which transformed by human's avarice, but an unveiling of the inborn instinct out of bygone peaceful life.

    2016-03-22 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • Several times fell down and was dragged in the traces, and... 全部评论(7) 去书内

    He was broken in body but firm in spirit.It seemed nothing would beat him.

    2016-03-22 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • For the last time he rushed. The man struck the shrewd blow he... 全部评论(5) 去书内

    Not giving up on rebelling and fighting till the moment he is entirely unconcious, Buck shows his born wildness through his action,which somehow suggests the path he's going to tread.

    2016-03-07 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

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