政府论(下篇)
The Second Treatise of Government

  • 作   者:

    约翰·洛克
    John Locke

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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近代资产阶级革命的《圣经》,媲美亚里士多德的《政治学》。

The Second Treatise is one of the most important political treatises ever written and one of the most far-reaching in its influence. In his provocative 15-page introduction to this edition, the late eminent political theorist C. B. Macpherson examines Locke's arguments for limited, conditional government, private property, and right of revolution and suggests reasons for the appeal of these arguments in Locke's time and since. It is a book that the revolutionaries themselves were well acquainted with, and formed the rational basis for justifying both the Revolution and the establishment of the Constitution. Any student of American history, particularly of the revolution and the formation of the Constitution, out of necessity should read this book.

《政府论》是约翰•洛克于1690年出版的政治著作,汇集了洛克的主要政治哲学思想,不仅使洛克成为古典自由主义思想的集大成者,而且对于后世的现实政治产生了深远的影响。他从自然状态出发,批判封建极权制度,主张私有财产的不可侵犯、国家基于契约等,为英国资产阶级革命辩护,对英国政治、经济的发展起到了巨大的推动作用。

The Second Treatise outlines a theory of civil society. John Locke begins by describing the state of nature, a picture much more stable than Thomas Hobbes' state of "war of every man against every man," and argues that all men are created equal in the state of nature by God. From this, he goes on to explain the hypothetical rise of property and civilization, in the process explaining that the only legitimate governments are those that have the consent of the people. Therefore, any government that rules without the consent of the people can, in theory, be overthrown.

约翰•洛克(John Locke,1632年8月29日-1704年10月28日)是英国的哲学家。在知识论上,洛克与乔治•贝克莱、大卫•休谟三人被列为英国经验主义(British Empiricism)的代表人物,但他也在社会契约理论上做出重要贡献。洛克的思想对于后代政治哲学的发展产生巨大影响,并且被广泛视为是启蒙时代最具影响力的思想家和自由主义者。他的著作也大为影响了伏尔泰和卢梭,以及许多苏格兰启蒙运动的思想家和美国开国元勋。他的理论被反映在美国的《独立宣言》上。

John Locke FRS was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism". Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory.

All these premises having, as I think, been clearly made out, it is impossible that the rulers now on earth should make any benefit, or derive any the least shadow of authority from that, which is held to be the fountain of all power, Adam’s private dominion and paternal jurisdiction; so that he that will not give just occasion to think that all government in the world is the product only of force and violence, and that men live together by no other rules but that of beasts, where the strongest carries it, and so lay a foundation for perpetual disorder and mischief, tumult, sedition and rebellion, (things that the followers of that hypothesis so loudly cry out against) must of necessity find out another rise of government, another original of political power, and another way of designing and knowing the persons that have it, than what Sir Robert Filmer hath taught us.

  • PREFACE

  • CHAPTER I.

  • CHAPTER II.

  • CHAPTER III.

  • CHAPTER IV.

  • CHAPTER V.

  • CHAPTER VI.

  • CHAPTER VII.

  • CHAPTER VIII.

  • CHAPTER IX.

  • CHAPTER X.

  • CHAPTER XI.

  • CHAPTER XII.

  • CHAPTER XIII.

  • CHAPTER XIV.

  • CHAPTER XV.

  • CHAPTER XVI.

  • CHAPTER XVII.

  • CHAPTER XVIII.

  • CHAPTER XIX.