政府论(下篇)
The Second Treatise of Government

  • 作   者:

    约翰·洛克
    John Locke

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥9.90

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《政府论》是约翰•洛克于1690年出版的政治著作,汇集了洛克的主要政治哲学思想,不仅使洛克成为古典自由主义思想的集大成者,而且对于后世的现实政治产生了深远的影响。他从自然状态出发,批判封建极权制度,主张私有财产的不可侵犯、国家基于契约等。为英国资产阶级革命辩护,对英国政治、经济的发展起到了巨大的推动作用。

The Second Treatise is one of the most important political treatises ever written and one of the most far-reaching in its influence. In his provocative 15-page introduction to this edition, the late eminent political theorist C. B. Macpherson examines Locke's arguments for limited, conditional government, private property, and right of revolution and suggests reasons for the appeal of these arguments in Locke's time and since. It is a book that the revolutionaries themselves were well acquainted with, and formed the rational basis for justifying both the Revolution and the establishment of the Constitution. Any student of American history, particularly of the revolution and the formation of the Constitution, out of necessity should read this book.

本书论述了国家一论和法律理论,提出统治者的权力应来自于被统治者的同意,建立国家的唯一目的,乃是为了保障社会的安全以及人民的自然权利。在新社会即将来临的前夜,洛克此书担负了为第一次具有世界意义的英国资产阶级革命鸣锣开道的历史使命,对英国政治、经济的发展起了巨大的推动作用,马克思曾经评论,正是洛克倡导的君立宪制的确立,在英国才开始了资产阶级社会的巨大发展和改造。

The Second Treatise outlines a theory of civil society. John Locke begins by describing the state of nature, a picture much more stable than Thomas Hobbes' state of "war of every man against every man," and argues that all men are created equal in the state of nature by God. From this, he goes on to explain the hypothetical rise of property and civilization, in the process explaining that the only legitimate governments are those that have the consent of the people. Therefore, any government that rules without the consent of the people can, in theory, be overthrown.

约翰·洛克(1632年8月29日-1704年10月28日)是英国的哲学家,并且被广泛视为是启蒙时代最具影响力的思想家和自由主义者。他对社会契约论作出的贡献与弗朗西斯·培根是可以相提并论的。

John Locke FRS was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism". Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory.

All these premises having, as I think, been clearly made out, it is impossible that the rulers now on earth should make any benefit, or derive any the least shadow of authority from that, which is held to be the fountain of all power, Adam’s private dominion and paternal jurisdiction; so that he that will not give just occasion to think that all government in the world is the product only of force and violence, and that men live together by no other rules but that of beasts, where the strongest carries it, and so lay a foundation for perpetual disorder and mischief, tumult, sedition and rebellion, (things that the followers of that hypothesis so loudly cry out against) must of necessity find out another rise of government, another original of political power, and another way of designing and knowing the persons that have it, than what Sir Robert Filmer hath taught us.

  • PREFACE

  • CHAPTER I.

  • CHAPTER II.

  • CHAPTER III.

  • CHAPTER IV.

  • CHAPTER V.

  • CHAPTER VI.

  • CHAPTER VII.

  • CHAPTER VIII.

  • CHAPTER IX.

  • CHAPTER X.

  • CHAPTER XI.

  • CHAPTER XII.

  • CHAPTER XIII.

  • CHAPTER XIV.

  • CHAPTER XV.

  • CHAPTER XVI.

  • CHAPTER XVII.

  • CHAPTER XVIII.

  • CHAPTER XIX.