妇女和劳动
Woman and Labour

  • 作   者:

    奥利弗·施赖纳
    Oliver Schreiner

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

  • 0(0人评过)
  •   评论(0)
  •   读后感(0)

《妇女与劳工》(Woman andLabour)是奥利弗·施赖纳(Olive Schreiner)有关女权的著作,南非当时女权著作包括约翰·斯图亚特·密尔的《妇女的屈从地位》。现代社会喧嚣四起,此时在这里,彼时在哪里,觉大对数现代女性要求,那个仔细倾听地人可能像一个键盘一样在喧嚣背后发现了如此这般的呐喊式的需求:给我们适当的劳动和适应劳动的培训!我们要求这些不仅仅是为了我们自己,也为了这个种族。

现代社会喧嚣四起,此时在这里,彼时在哪里,觉大对数现代女性要求,那个仔细倾听地人可能像一个键盘一样在喧嚣背后发现了如此这般的呐喊式的需求:给我们适当的劳动和适应劳动的培训!我们要求这些不仅仅是为了我们自己,也为了这个种族。

In that clamour which has arisen in the modern world, where now this, and then that, is demanded for and by large bodies of modern women, he who listens carefully may detect as a keynote, beneath all the clamour, a demand which may be embodied in such a cry as this: Give us labour and the training which fits for labour! We demand this, not for ourselves alone, but for the race.

奥莉芙·施赖纳(Olive Schreiner, Mrs. Cronwright, 1855-1920)是一位南非作家、和平主义者、政治活动家。1867年跟哥哥一起搬到Cradock。她哥哥离开Cradock后,奥莉芙选择当一名家庭教师。她在很多农场当过家庭教师,并受到启发以笔名Ralph Iron发表了《非洲农场故事》(1883),以及一个小的寓言故事集《梦境与现实》(1893)。

Schreiner was born in Cape Town in 1890. He was the son of William Philip Schreiner, a well-known advocate, civil servant and Prime Minister of the Cape Colony, and his wife, Frances, a sister of President F. W. Reitz. The author Olive Schreiner was his aunt.He went to Rondebosch Boys' High School and then the South African College School (SACS). An excellent student, he "could have had the Rhodes Scholarship for the asking", but understood, in the light of Rhodes's involvement in the Jameson Raid and subsequent fallout with William Schreiner, that "no Schreiner took such a gift from such a man".Instead, Schreiner went up to Cambridge University to read law at Trinity College. A string of academic prizes was interrupted by the outbreak of World War I. Schreiner enlisted in the British Armed Forces, was wounded in the right arm at the Battle of the Somme, and received the Military Cross.

It began by tracing the differences of sex function to their earliest appearances in life on the globe; not only as when in the animal world, two amoeboid globules coalesce, and the process of sexual generation almost unconsciously begins; but to its yet more primitive manifestations in plant life. In the first three chapters I traced, as far as I was able, the evolution of sex in different branches of non-human life. Many large facts surprised me in following this line of thought by their bearing on the whole modern sex problem. Such facts as this; that, in the great majority of species on the earth the female form exceeds the male in size and strength and often in predatory instinct; and that sex relationships may assume almost any form on earth as the conditions of life vary; and that, even in their sexual relations towards offspring, those differences which we, conventionally, are apt to suppose are inherent in the paternal or the maternal sex form, are not inherent—as when one studies the lives of certain toads, where the female deposits her eggs in cavities on the back of the male, where the eggs are preserved and hatched; or, of certain sea animals, in which the male carries the young about with him and rears them in a pouch formed of his own substance; and countless other such. And above all, this important fact, which had first impressed me when as a child I wandered alone in the African bush and watched cock-o-veets singing their inter-knit love-songs, and small singing birds building their nests together, and caring for and watching over, not only their young, but each other, and which has powerfully influenced all I have thought and felt on sex matters since;—the fact that, along the line of bird life and among certain of its species sex has attained its highest and aesthetic, and one might almost say intellectual, development on earth: a point of development to which no human race as a whole has yet reached, and which represents the realisation of the highest sexual ideal which haunts humanity.

  • Dedicated to Constance Lytton

  • Introduction.

  • Chapter I.Parasitism.

  • Chapter II.Parasitism (continued).

  • Chapter III.Parasitism (continued).

  • Chapter IV.Woman and War.

  • Chapter V.Sex Differences.

  • Chapter VI.Certain Objections.

    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…