国富论
Wealth of Nations

  • 作   者:

    亚当·史密斯
    Adam Smith

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

  • 10(1人评过)
  •   评论(2)
  •   读后感(0)

《国富论》是“现代经济学之父”亚当·斯密具影响力的代表作品,该书发表于1776年,书中总结了近代初期各国资本主义发展的经验,批判吸收了当时的重要经济理论,对整个国民经济的运动过程做了系统的描述,为经济学确定了完整的架构,奠定了资本主义自由经济的理论基础。

First published in 1776, the book offers one of the world's first collected descriptions of what builds nations' wealth, and is today a fundamental work in classical economics. By reflecting upon the economics at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the book touches upon such broad topics as the division of labour, productivity, and free markets.

此书是苏格兰经济和道德哲学家亚当·斯密的一本大作,首次出版于1776年,此书是世界上第一本集中描述构成国家财富基础的书,此问题也是如今古典经济学的基础工作。作者通过反思工业革命初期的经济学,此书触及了诸如劳动分工、生产力以及自由市场这些广泛的题材。

The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith. First published in 1776, the book offers one of the world's first collected descriptions of what builds nations' wealth and is today a fundamental work in classical economics. By reflecting upon the economics at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the book touches upon such broad topics as the division of labor, productivity, and free markets.

亚当·斯密(Adam Smith, 1723-1790)是经济学的主要创立者。他于1723年出生在苏格兰的克科底,青年时就读于牛津大学。1751年到1764年在格斯哥大学担任哲学教授。在此期间发表了他的第一部著作《道德情操论》,确立了他在知识界的威望。但是他的不朽名声主要在于他在1776年发表的伟大著作《国家财富的性质和原因的研究》。该书一举成功,使他在余生中享受着荣誉和爱戴。1790年,亚当·斯密在克科底去逝。他一生未娶,没有子女。

ADAM SMITH (1723-I790) was a Scottish social philosopher and a pioneer ofpolitical economy. One of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, Smithis the author of The Theoryof Moral Sentiments and An Inqunyinto the Naarre and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. The latter, usually abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations,is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics. It earned him an enormous reputation and would become one ofthe most influential works on economics ever published Smithis widely cited as the father of modern economics and capitalism.

The distinction between the real and the nominal price of commodities and labour is not a matter of mere speculation, bur:may sometimes be of considerable use in practice. The same real price is always of the same value; but on account of the variations in the value of gold and silver, the same nominal price is sometimes of very different values. When a landed estate, therefore, is sold with a reservation of a perpetual rent, if it is intended that this rent should always be of the same value, it is of importance to the family in whose favour it is reserved, that it should not consist in a particular sum of money. Its value would in this case be liable to variations of two different kinds: first, to those which arise from the different quantities of gold and silver which are contained at different times in coin of the same denomination; and, secondly, to those which arise from the different values of equal quantities of gold and silver at different times.

Princes and sovereign states have frequently fancied that they had a temporary interest to diminish the quantity of pure metal contained in their coins; but they seldom have fancied that they had any to augment it. The quantity of metal contained in the coins, I believe of all nations, has accordingly been almost continually diminishing, and hardly ever augmenting. Such variations, therefore, tend almost always to diminish the value of an rent.

The discovery of the mines of America diminished the value of gold and silver in Europe. This dinunution,it is commonly supposed, though I apprehend without any certain proof, is still going on gradually, and is likely to continue to do so for a long time. Upon this supposition, therefore, such variations are more likely to diminish than to augrent the value of a money rent, even though it should be stipulated to be paid, not in such a quantity of coined money of such a denomination (in so many pounds sterling, for example), but in so many ounces, either of pure silver, or of silver of a certain standard.

  • INTRODUCTION AND PLAN OF THE WORK

  • BOOK ONE OF THE CAUSES OF IMPROVEMENT IN THE PRODUCTIVE POWERS OF LABOUR

  • BOOK TWO OF THE NATURE, ACCUMULATION, AND EMPLOYMENT OF STOCK

  • BOOK THREE OF THE DIFFERENT PROGRESS OF OPULENCE IN DIFFERENT NATIONS

  • BOOK FOUR OF SYSTEMS OF POLITICAL ECONOMY

  • BOOK FIVE OF THE REVENUE OF THE SOVEREIGN OR COMMONWEALTH

    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…