麦克提格
McTeague

  • 作   者:

    弗兰克·诺里斯
    Frank Norris

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

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  • 电子书:

    ¥2.90

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McTeague is one of the most purely naturalistic American novels of the nineteenth century. With its compelling portrayal of human nature at its most basic level, McTeague is a gripping and passionate tale of greed, degeneration and death. It is also one of the first major works of literature to set in California, and it provided the story for Erich von Stroheim's classic of the silent screen, Greed.

《麦克提格》是美国作家弗兰克·诺里斯的一篇杰作,它深刻而集中地考察了人的内在道德缺陷,但很多场景类似于通俗闹剧。前半部真实地描写了城市下层人民的生活情景,后半部把主人公麦克提格——一个牙科医生的悲剧归咎为生理上的缺陷,作者描述他“善良的结构背后有一条遗传性的邪恶暗流”。最后由于贪婪而逐渐堕落,最后杀死了他的守财奴般的妻子。它被称为"美国自然主义的宣言",其悲剧性得到评论家们的公认。

McTeague is a novel by Frank Norris, first published in 1899. It tells the story of a couple's courtship and marriage, and their subsequent descent into poverty, violence and finally murder as the result of jealousy and greed. The book was the basis for the films McTeague (1916) and Erich von Stroheim's Greed (1924). It was also adapted as an opera by William Bolcom in 1992.

弗兰克·诺里斯(1870-1902),美国作家。生于芝加哥一个富裕商人家庭,少年时代在欧洲学习艺术。回国进入加利福尼亚大学,毕业后以记者为业。长期生活在美国西部,自称加利福尼亚州人。开始创作时倾向浪漫主义,如描写海上传奇的《“莱蒂夫人号”上的莫兰》(1898)。后来的小说受到左拉自然主义创作方法的影响,如《麦克提格》(1899)和《凡陀弗与兽性》写于《麦克提格》同时,1915年发表。《麦克提格》前半部真实地描写了城市下层人民的生活情景,后半部把主人公麦克提格──一个牙科医生的悲剧归咎为生理上的缺陷,作者描述他“善良的结构背后有一条遗传性的邪恶暗流”。《凡陀弗与兽性》在分析画家凡陀弗的堕落时,突出他的“动物本性”,把他的道德败坏归之于生理上的原因。

Frank Norris (March 5, 1870 – October 25, 1902) was an American novelist during the Progressive Era, writing predominantly in the naturalist genre. His notable works include McTeague (1899), The Octopus: A Story of California (1901), and The Pit (1904). Frank Norris's work often includes depictions of suffering caused by corrupt and greedy turn-of-the-century corporate monopolies. In The Octopus: A California Story, the Pacific and Southwest Railroad is implicated in the suffering and deaths of a number of ranchers in Southern California. Though free-wheeling market capitalism causes the deaths of many of the characters in the novel, this "larger view always ... discovers the Truth that will, in the end, prevail, and all things, surely, inevitably, resistlessly work together for good".

Heaven doth with us as we with torches do, Not light them for themselves; for if our virtues Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd But to fine issues, nor Nature never lends The smallest scruple of her excellence But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines Herself the glory of a creditor, Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech To one that can my part in him advertise;Hold therefore, Angelo:--In our remove be thou at full ourself;Mortality and mercy in Vienna Live in thy tongue and heart: old Escalus, Though first in question, is thy secondary.

  • CHAPTER 1
  • CHAPTER 2
  • CHAPTER 3
  • CHAPTER 4
  • CHAPTER 5
  • CHAPTER 6
  • CHAPTER 7
  • CHAPTER 8
  • CHAPTER 9
  • CHAPTER 10
  • CHAPTER 11
  • CHAPTER 12
  • CHAPTER 13
  • CHAPTER 14
  • CHAPTER 15
  • CHAPTER 16
  • CHAPTER 17
  • CHAPTER 18
  • CHAPTER 19
  • CHAPTER 20
  • CHAPTER 21
  • CHAPTER 22
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