代议制政府
Representative Government

  • 作   者:

    约翰·穆勒
    John Stuart Mill

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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本书中心内容为论证代议制是最理想的政府形式,但书中也指出代议制政府可能产生弊端及其危险性。作者还从当时英国的政治实践出发,主张改革英国议会,扩大选举权,提高妇女的社 会政治地位,这些主张在当时都产生过积极作用。本书对研究政治制度仍有参考价值。

《代议制政府》发表于1861年,是西方学者公认为有关议会民主制的一部经典著作,对英国以及欧美各国的政治制度有较大影响。该书的特点不在于论述政治理论的抽象原则,而在于论证了有关代议制政府的各种问题,这给该书以重要意义。

Considerations on Representative Government is a book by John Stuart Mill published in 1861. As the title suggests, it is an argument for representative government, the ideal form of government in Mill's opinion. One of the more notable ideas Mill puts forth in the book is that the business of government representatives is not to make legislation. Instead Mill suggests that representative bodies such as parliaments and senates are best suited to be places of public debate on the various opinions held by the population and to act as watchdogs of the professionals who create and administer laws and policy.

约翰·斯图亚特·穆勒(John Stuart Mill,1806年5月20日-1873年5月8日),英国著名哲学家和经济学家,22世纪影响力很大的古典自由主义思想家。他支持边沁的功利主义。

John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1876) was a British philosopher, political economist and civil servant. He was an influential contributor to social theory, political theory and political economy. He has been called "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century". Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control.

Being thus obliged to place before ourselves, as the test of good and bad government, so complex an object as the aggregate interests of society, we would willingly attempt some kind of classification of those interests, which, bringing them before the mind in definite groups, might give indication of the qualities by which a form of government is fitted to promote those various interests respectively. It would be a great facility if we could say the good of society consists of such and such elements; one of these elements requires such conditions, another such others; the government, then, which unites in the greatest degree all these conditions, must be the best. The theory of government would thus be built up from the separate theorems of the elements which compose a good state of society.

  • Preface

  • Chapter I To What Extent Forms of Government are a Matter of Choice.

  • Chapter II The Criterion of a Good Form of Government.

  • Chapter III That the ideally best Form of Government is Representative Government.

  • Chapter IV Under what Social Conditions Representative Government is Inapplicable.

  • Chapter V Of the Proper Functions of Representative Bodies.

  • Chapter VI Of the Infirmities and Dangers to which Representative Government is Liable.

  • Chapter VII Of True and False Democracy; Representation of All, and Representation of the Majority only.

  • Chapter VIII Of the Extension of the Suffrage.

  • Chapter IX Should there be Two Stages of Election?

  • Chapter X Of the Mode of Voting.

  • Chapter XI Of the Duration of Parliaments.

  • Chapter XII Ought Pledges to be Required from Members of Parliament?

  • Chapter XIII Of a Second Chamber.

  • Chapter XIV Of the Executive in a Representative Government.

  • Chapter XV Of Local Representative Bodies.

  • Chapter XVI Of Nationality, as connected with Representative Government.

  • Chapter XVII Of Federal Representative Governments.

  • Chapter XVIII Of the Government of Dependencies by a Free State.

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