政府论(下篇)
The Second Treatise of Government

  • 作   者:

    约翰·洛克
    John Locke

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥6.90

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《政府论》是英国约翰·洛克(John Locke)于1690年出版的政治著作,汇集了洛克的主要政治哲学思想,不仅使洛克成为古典自由主义思想的集大成者,而且对于后世的现实政治产生了深远的影响。该书分为上下两篇,上篇集中驳斥了当时占统治地位的君权神授说和王位世袭论,下篇系统地阐述了公民政府的真正起源、范围、目的。全书出色完成了为英国资产阶级革命辩护的任务,对英国政治、经济的发展起到了巨大的推动作用。

《政府论》是英国约翰·洛克(John Locke)于1690年出版的政治著作,汇集了洛克的主要政治哲学思想,不仅使洛克成为古典自由主义思想的集大成者,而且对于后世的现实政治产生了深远的影响。该书分为上下两篇,上篇集中驳斥了当时占统治地位的君权神授说和王位世袭论,下篇系统地阐述了公民政府的真正起源、范围、目的。全书出色完成了为英国资产阶级革命辩护的任务,对英国政治、经济的发展起到了巨大的推动作用。

Concerning Civil Government is a work of political philosophy by John Locke. It attacks patriarchalism in the form of sentence-by-sentence refutation of Robert Filmer's Patriarcha, and outlines Locke's ideas for a more civilized society based on natural rights and contract theory. From this, he goes on to explain the hypothetical rise of property and civilization, in the process explaining that the only legitimate governments are those that have the consent of the people. Therefore, any government that rules without the consent of the people can, in theory, be overthrown.

约翰•洛克(John Locke,1632年8月29日-1704年10月28日)是英国的哲学家。在知识论上,洛克与乔治•贝克莱、大卫•休谟三人被列为英国经验主义(British Empiricism)的代表人物,但他也在社会契约理论上做出重要贡献。洛克的思想对于后代政治哲学的发展产生巨大影响,并且被广泛视为是启蒙时代最具影响力的思想家和自由主义者。他的著作也大为影响了伏尔泰和卢梭,以及许多苏格兰启蒙运动的思想家和美国开国元勋。他的理论被反映在美国的《独立宣言》上。

John Locke FRS (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704), was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism". Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work greatly affected the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence.

  • Chapter I Of Political Power

  • Chapter II Of the State of Nature

  • Chapter Of the State of War

  • Chapter IV Of Slavery

  • Chapter V Of Property

  • Chapter VI Of Paternal Power

  • Chapter VII Of Political or Civil Society

  • Chapter VIII Of the Beginning of Political Societies

  • Chapter IX Of the Ends of Political Society and Government

  • Chapter X Of the Forms of a Commonwealth

  • Chapter XI Of the Extent of the Legislative Power

  • Chapter XII The Legislative, Executive, and Federative Power of the Commonwealth

  • Chapter XIII Of the Subordination of the Powers of the Commonwealth

  • Chapter XIV Of Prerogative

  • Chapter XV Of Paternal, Political and Despotical Power,Considered Together

  • Chapter XVI Of Conquest

  • Chapter XVII Of Usurpation

  • Chapter XVIII Of Tyranny

  • Chapter XIX Of the Dissolution of Government

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