英国工业革命讲稿
Lectures on the Industrial Revolution in England

  • 作   者:

    阿诺尔德·汤因比
    Arnold Toynbee

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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想知道是谁把“工业革命”这个词流行并普及的吗?进来看看吧!

Originally written for undergraduates, this posthumously published collection of lectures from 1884 tackles many of the misconceptions held by nineteenth-century economists. Where other commentators often dealt with the subject of the Industrial Revolution in the abstract, Arnold Toynbee applies here an evidence-based approach, with astute but also entertaining results.

真正使“工业革命”这个词流行并普及的,是英国历史学家阿诺尔德·汤因比。这位19世纪的学者被称为老汤因比,以区别他的同名侄子(小汤因比)——那是我们更为熟悉的、写作了十卷本《历史研究》的已故当代历史学家,他的文明论述,因上世纪80年代一部热播电视剧《河殇》而在神州广为知晓。

老汤因比的贡献也很了不起,他对工业革命一锤定音。他去世后第二年得以出版的《工业革命讲演集》(Lectures on the Industrial Revolution),事实上确立了工业革命的历史地位。他之后,尽管讨论与争议仍在继续,但工业革命,却成为18到19世纪在英国发生的百年变革不可更改的固定标签。

Originally written for undergraduates, this posthumously published collection of lectures from 1884 tackles many of the misconceptions held by nineteenth-century economists. Where other commentators often dealt with the subject of the Industrial Revolution in the abstract, Arnold Toynbee applies here an evidence-based approach, with astute but also entertaining results.

阿诺尔德·汤因比(Arnold Toynbee,1852年8月28日-1883年3月9日)是英国19世纪的著名经济史学家,也是著名历史学家阿诺尔德·约瑟·汤因比的叔父。他是第一位将英国在18世纪因为工业技术改革,以致生产力大幅度提升的时期命名为“工业革命”的人。

老汤因比在伦敦出生,曾任教牛津大学贝利奥尔学院。他爱研究社会改革,并与成年学生一同研究。现时伦敦一所大学宿舍“汤因比楼”就以他的名字命名。

Arnold Toynbee (1852-1883) was an English economic historian also noted for his social commitment and desire to improve the living conditions of the working classes. In 1873, he began to study political economy at Oxford University, first at Pembroke College and from 1875 at Balliol College, where he went on to teach after his graduation in 1878. His lectures on the history of the Industrial Revolution in 18th and 19th century Britain proved widely influential. He popularised the term "Industrial Revolution" in the Anglophone world. He was actively involved in improving the living conditions of the proletariat. He read for workers in large industrial centres and encouraged the creation of trade unions and co-operatives. Toynbee also encouraged his students to offer free courses for working class audiences in their own neighbourhoods.

  • CHAPTER I Introductory

  • CHAPTER II England in 1760

  • CHAPTER III England in 1760

  • CHAPTER IV England in 1760

  • CHAPTER V England in 1760

  • CHAPTER VI England in 1760

  • CHAPTER VII The Mercantile System and Adam Smith

  • CHAPTER VIII The Chief Features of the Revolution

  • CHAPTER IX The Growth of Pauperism

  • CHAPTER X Malthus and the Law of Population

  • CHAPTER XI The Wage-Fund Theory

  • CHAPTER XII Ricardo and the Growth of Rent

  • CHAPTER XIII Two Theories of Economic Progress

  • CHAPTER XIV The Future of the Working Classes

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