生活的智慧——哲学家爱比克泰德语录
The Discourses

  • 作   者:

    爱比克泰德
    Epictetus

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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《生活的智慧》以格言体汇集了他一生的思想精华,以精辟而又通俗的语言,向人们传授生活的真谛和幸福的真义。书中处处闪烁着作者独到的智慧,相信这本小册子能让读者在当今这个混沌的环境中找到正确的生活秩序。爱比克泰德,一位介于古希腊古典哲学与基督教哲学之间的过渡性人物,一位身为奴隶后在亚里士多德影响下成为斯多葛学派的重要代表人物,一位对圣奥古斯丁产生过重要影响、并经由这位坎特布雷首位总主教将自己的许多思想渗透到基督教义中的哲人,一位让马库斯·奥勒留钦佩有加、并深深影响过这位古罗马国王创作出名著《沉思录》的教书匠,一生倡导依照自然律生活,即依照自然秩序过一种自制的生活。他训导人们追求理想的幸福,崇尚真正的自由。朴实地为家庭和社会服务,而非去操纵自然或控制人类。他将这种学说发展成一门指引生活的哲学。

For centuries, Stoicism was virtually the unofficial religion of the Roman world.

Yet the stress on endurance, self-restraint and the power of the will to withstand calamity can often seem coldhearted. It is Epictetus, a lame former slave exiled by the Emperor Domitian, who offers by far the most positive and humane version of Stoic ideals. The Discourses, assembled by his pupil Arrian, catch him in action, publicly setting out his views on ethical dilemmas.

Committed to communicating with the widest possible audience, Epictetus uses humor, imaginary conversations and homely comparisons to put his message across. The result is a perfect summary of 'the Roman virtues' —the brotherhood of man, universal justice, calm indifference in the face pain—which have proved so influential throughout Western history.

《生活的智慧》以格言体汇集了他一生的思想精华,以精辟而又通俗的语言,向人们传授生活的真谛和幸福的真义。书中处处闪烁着作者独到的智慧,相信这本小册子能让读者在当今这个混沌的环境中找到正确的生活秩序。爱比克泰德,一位介于古希腊古典哲学与基督教哲学之间的过渡性人物,一位身为奴隶后在亚里士多德影响下成为斯多葛学派的重要代表人物,一位对圣奥古斯丁产生过重要影响、并经由这位坎特布雷首位总主教将自己的许多思想渗透到基督教义中的哲人,一位让马库斯·奥勒留钦佩有加、并深深影响过这位古罗马国王创作出名著《沉思录》的教书匠,一生倡导依照自然律生活,即依照自然秩序过一种自制的生活。他训导人们追求理想的幸福,崇尚真正的自由。朴实地为家庭和社会服务,而非去操纵自然或控制人类。他将这种学说发展成一门指引生活的哲学。

For centuries, Stoicism was virtually the unofficial religion of the Roman world.

Yet the stress on endurance, self-restraint and the power of the will to withstand calamity can often seem coldhearted. It is Epictetus, a lame former slave exiled by the Emperor Domitian, who offers by far the most positive and humane version of Stoic ideals. The Discourses, assembled by his pupil Arrian, catch him in action, publicly setting out his views on ethical dilemmas.

Committed to communicating with the widest possible audience, Epictetus uses humor, imaginary conversations and homely comparisons to put his message across. The result is a perfect summary of 'the Roman virtues' —the brotherhood of man, universal justice, calm indifference in the face pain—which have proved so influential throughout Western history.

爱比克泰德(Epictetus, 约55-约135年)是古罗马著名的斯多葛学派哲学家,出生于罗马弗里吉亚的一个奴隶家庭。童年时被卖到罗马为奴,后师从斯多葛哲学家鲁佛斯,并获自由。此后,他一直在罗马教学,建立了自己的斯多葛学园,后因罗马皇帝图密善害怕哲学家日益强大的影响力对王位构成威胁,便将爱比克泰德驱出罗马,于是他移居希腊尼科波里斯,以教书终其一生。

爱比克泰德对斯多葛派学说有极其重要的发展和突破,是继苏格拉底后对西方伦理道德学说的发展作出最大贡献的哲学家,是真正集希腊哲学思想之大成者。他把注意力集中在对具体的生活伦理学的思考上,重心性实践,主张遵从自然过一种自制的生活,他的思想对后来的哲学与宗教都产生过深远的影响。

Epictetus (Greek: Ἐπίκτητος; A.D. c. 55 – 135) was a Greek Stoic philosopher. He was born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia (present day Pamukkale, Turkey), and lived in Rome until his banishment, when he went to Nicopolis in north-western Greece for the rest of his life. His teachings were written down and published by his pupil Arrian in his Discourses.

Epictetus taught that philosophy is a way of life and not just a theoretical discipline. To Epictetus, all external events are determined by fate, and are thus beyond our control; we should accept whatever happens calmly and dispassionately. However, individuals are responsible for their own actions, which they can examine and control through rigorous self-discipline.

  • BOOK ONE

  • BOOK TWO

  • BOOK THREE

  • BOOK FOUR

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