乌托邦
Utopia

  • 作   者:

    托马斯·莫尔
    Thomas More

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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才华横溢的人文主义学者和阅历丰富的政治家带您体验大同社会。

本书作者是最早的空想社会主义者,他以卓越的才力,热情描绘了乌托邦人在政治、经济和文化方面的生活图景,同英国十六世纪社会形成鲜明的对照。本书以对话的形式,反映了早期无产阶级对资本主义原始积累时期残酷剥削和压榨的强烈抗议,同时描绘了作者的理想社会,对以后社会主义思想的发展有很大的影响。《乌托邦》不仅是社会主义思想史和政治学术史上的重要文献,也是西方文学领域的传世佳作。

托马斯•莫尔(Thomas More,1478-1535)是英国早期空想社会主义的主要代表,欧洲文艺复兴时期的文学家和政治活动家,杰出的人道主义者,才华横溢的人文主义学者和阅历丰富的政治家,以其名著《乌托邦》而名垂史册。他曾当过律师、国会议员、财政副大臣、国会下院议长、大法官。1535年因反对亨利八世兼任教会首脑而被处死。1886年,在莫尔去世三百多年后,被罗马天主教会的教皇庇护十一世册封为“圣徒”,在1980年与主教费舍尔一起被John Paul II尊为“守护上帝的殉道者”。他在英国历史上最伟大100个名人中评选中名列第37位。

Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated by Roman Catholics as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renaissance humanist. He was also a councillor to Henry VIII and Lord Chancellor from October 1529 to 16 May 1532.

More opposed the Protestant Reformation, in particular the theology of Martin Luther and William Tyndale. He also wrote Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system of an ideal and imaginary island nation. More opposed the King's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to accept him as Supreme Head of the Church of England, and what he saw as Henry's bigamous marriage to Anne Boleyn. Tried for treason, More was convicted and beheaded.

Pope Pius XI canonised More in 1935 as a martyr of the schism that separated the Church of England from Rome; Pope John Paul II in 2000 declared him the "heavenly Patron of Statesmen and Politicians". Since 1980, the Church of England has remembered More liturgically as a Reformation martyr. He was honoured by the Soviet Union because of the Communist attitude to property in Utopia.

  • INTRODUCTION

  • DISCOURSES OF RAPHAEL HYTHLODAY, OF THE BEST STATE OF A COMMONWEALTH