我们如何思维
How We Think

  • 作   者:

    约翰·杜威(美)
    John Dewey

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 版   本:

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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  •   读后感(20)

《我们如何思维》探讨了人类思维的本质。作者运用大量日常生活中的案例,详细阐述了我们进行思维时的不同过程。全书共三部分,第一部分“思维训练的问题”,说明什么是思维以及思维训练的重要意义;第二部分“逻辑的探讨”论述了逻辑上概念判断、推理、具象与抽象思维、经验与科学思维等方法;第三部分“思维的训练”讨论了如何从活动、语言、观察、课堂教学等方面发挥儿童的好奇心、想象力,培养他们科学的思维方法。

《我们如何思维》有助于我们了解思维的特性,运用科学的训练方法提高我们的思维能力,也有助于教师根据思维的发展过程提高教学质量。

How We Think by John Dewey is a classic book about thinking. The contents of Dewey's book are applicable to innovation, learning, business management, and many other fields. John Dewey's view of thinking, and thinking skills, as elaborated in "How We Think" is surprisingly fresh and consistent. Dewey warns against the confusion of mental analysis (looking for the general aspects of an object) with physical analysis (dissection into parts), which leads to the study of living objects as if they were dead. John Dewey's thought is the essence of systems thinking, which is so fashionable today. In "How We Think," John Dewey also concludes that we can be taught to "think well" and discusses how. Starting with beliefs and the consequences they bring about, Dewey suggests that knowledge is relative to its interaction with the world, concluding in the end that real freedom is intellectual. According to Dewey, the act of thinking itself is in many cases more important than what is being thought about. Dewey's analysis of thought will help readers to consider important elements of thinking (and writing) such as: (1) the iterative "ebb and flow" between inductive and deductive thinking; (2) what is necessary to train their minds to think better. Though written years ago, "How We Think" is an easy book to read and well worth the time spent on it.

《我们如何思维》是著名哲学家、教育学家约翰·杜威的代表作之一。1925年1月,孙伏园主持的《京报副刊》发出征求启示,邀请海内外名流学者推荐“青年必读书十部”。众多学者纷纷响应作答。《我们如何思维》被胡适、潘家洵、李小峰、邵元冲、杨四穆、罗德辉、许昂若等学者列入推荐书单。

How We Think by John Dewey is a classic book about thinking. The contents of Dewey's book are applicable to innovation, learning, business management, and many other fields. John Dewey's view of thinking, and thinking skills, as elaborated in "How We Think" is surprisingly fresh and consistent. Dewey warns against the confusion of mental analysis (looking for the general aspects of an object) with physical analysis (dissection into parts), which leads to the study of living objects as if they were dead. John Dewey's thought is the essence of systems thinking, which is so fashionable today. In "How We Think," John Dewey also concludes that we can be taught to "think well" and discusses how. Starting with beliefs and the consequences they bring about, Dewey suggests that knowledge is relative to its interaction with the world, concluding in the end that real freedom is intellectual. According to Dewey, the act of thinking itself is in many cases more important than what is being thought about. Dewey's analysis of thought will help readers to consider important elements of thinking (and writing) such as: (1) the iterative "ebb and flow" between inductive and deductive thinking; (2) what is necessary to train their minds to think better. Though written years ago, "How We Think" is an easy book to read and well worth the time spent on it.

约翰·杜威(John Dewey)是实用主义的集大成者。一位评论家说他是“实用主义神圣实用主义神圣家族的家长”(M.怀特)。如果说皮尔士创立了实用主义的方法,威廉·詹姆斯建立了实用主义的真理观,那么,杜威则建造了实用主义的理论大厦。他的著作很多,涉及科学、艺术、宗教伦理、政治、教育、社会学、历史学和经济学诸方面,使实用主义成为美国特有的文化现象。

John Dewey, FAA (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, leading activist in the Georgist movement, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Dewey is one of the primary figures associated with the philosophy of pragmatism and is considered one of the founders of functional psychology. A well-known public intellectual, he was also a major voice of progressive education and liberalism. Although Dewey is known best for his publications about education, he also wrote about many other topics, including epistemology, metaphysics, aesthetics, art, logic, social theory, and ethics.

  • PREFACE
  • Part One: The Problem of Training Thought
  • Part Two: Logical Considerations
  • Part Three: The Training of Thought
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    In Chinese world, the most feasible mistake is that our teacher always take us all as the very same models and try their best to make us be of the same style.

    2016-09-07 喜欢(2) 回复(0)

  • The seen thing is regarded as in some way the ground or basis... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    normally think

    2016-11-27 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • Induction is stimulated but is not carried over into the... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    good

    2016-11-27 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • Everything that comes to mind, that “goes through our heads,”... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    第一种定义

    2016-11-22 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • Then, third, the meaning is further limited to beliefs that... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    重要的观点

    2016-08-14 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • “We might have to wait years or centuries to meet accidentally... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    Every advance of science result from countless effort done by the scientists. Only when we are reached a high enough level can we bring that theory into practice and make it be a part of daily life indirectly or directly. Maybe science still has it own boundary, but before that moment, our human beings still keep going.

    2016-03-30 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • Anomalies, exceptions, things which agree in most respects... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    The specific words that the author used is very elegant and accurate.Things which agree in most respects but disagree in some crucial point, is important in our lives.

    2016-03-30 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • The only way to achieve traits of carefulness, thoroughness,... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    In education,we should cultivate good habits at beginning. But the society is bounded by many restrication, we can not finish this vital step. Without external help, child can not distinguish what is wrong and what is true. A guider is necessary, but most of us can not gain enough guide, most of us walk alone in the life process.

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  • The mind becomes logical only by learning to conform to an... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    Thanks to the process of learning, we can learn how to think logically. But the individual difference is hard to be differ from the effort of learning. So the genius must has the special ability to think due to his intellence. Maybe the brain just works like a computer, while you have a better hardware, you can deal with more complicated situations. The capacity of our brain and the memory of us limit our potential. Even if we can train ourselves to enhance our ability to think, it can not make for our weakness.

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  • (a) Most persons are quite unaware of the distinguishing... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    Those are the human nature of us,we can not correct them.We are bone to be that.

    2016-03-28 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

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