露丝
Ruth

  • 作   者:

    伊丽莎白·盖斯凯尔
    Elizabeth Gaskell

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

  • 0(0人评过)
  •   评论(0)
  •   读后感(0)

《露丝》是盖斯凯尔的第二部小说,该小说充分反映了维多利亚时期的社会伦理问题。作者通过贫苦女缝工露丝被富家子弟贝林汉诱骗并遗弃的故事揭露了当时社会伦理道德的虚伪不公。《露丝》在以道德著称的维多利亚时期可称是一部惊世之作,出版后曾引起强烈反响,不仅因为小说以“堕落”姑娘露丝为主人公,更因为作者一再强调露丝的纯洁无辜,善良可爱。这部小说与哈代的代表作《德伯家的苔丝》颇有相似之处。该小说的出版使盖斯凯尔夫人成为十九世纪英国第一个把失足妇女当做主人公的小说家,比哈代创作《德伯家的苔丝》要早约四十年。

Ruth received a mixed critical reception. As a work that dealt frankly with seduction and illegitimacy, it inevitably attracted controversy: Gaskell reported that it was a "prohibited book" in her own household, that friends expressed "deep regret" at its publication, and that two acquaintances burnt their copies. On the other hand, some reviewers complained that Gaskell painted Ruth as too passive a victim of Bellingham's advances, eluding the question of Ruth's own sexual feelings. Gaskell loaded the story down with so many extenuating circumstances that Ruth scarcely seemed a representative example of a "fallen woman."

《露丝》是盖斯凯尔的第二部小说,该小说充分反映了维多利亚时期的社会伦理问题。作者通过贫苦女缝工露丝被富家子弟贝林汉诱骗并遗弃的故事揭露了当时社会伦理道德的虚伪不公。《露丝》在以道德著称的维多利亚时期可称是一部惊世之作,出版后曾引起强烈反响,不仅因为小说以“堕落”姑娘露丝为主人公,更因为作者一再强调露丝的纯洁无辜,善良可爱。这部小说与哈代的代表作《德伯家的苔丝》颇有相似之处。该小说的出版使盖斯凯尔夫人成为十九世纪英国第一个把失足妇女当做主人公的小说家,比哈代创作《德伯家的苔丝》要早约四十年。

The book is a social novel, dealing with Victorian views about sin and illegitimacy. It is a surprisingly compassionate portrayal of a 'fallen woman', a type of person normally outcast from respectable society. It examines the social stigma of illegitimacy. Ruth goes on to gain a respectable position in society as a governess, and the novel looks at whether the sinful can be reintegrated into society.

伊丽莎白·盖斯凯尔1810年11月-1865年11月),也称盖斯凯尔夫人,维多利亚时代的英国小说家。当时以哥特式的灵异小说闻名,之后的评论家则更推崇她的工业流派小说,主要写中等出身年轻女性的感情,也精细的描绘了当时英国社会不同阶层的生活。她为同时代的女作家夏绿蒂·勃朗特所作的传记也非常有名。

Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, née Stevenson (29 September 1810 – 12 November 1865), often referred to simply as Mrs Gaskell, was a British novelist and short story writer during the Victorian era. Her novels offer a detailed portrait of the lives of many strata of society, including the very poor, and are of interest to social historians as well as lovers of literature. Gaskell was also the first to write a biography of Charlotte Bronte, The Life of Charlotte Bronte, which was published in 1857.

  • CHAPTER I THE DRESSMAKER'S APPRENTICE AT WORK

  • CHAPTER II BUTH GOES TO THE SHIRE-HALL

  • CHAPTER III SUNDAY AT MRS. MASON'S

  • CHAPTER IV TREADING IN PERILOUS PLACES

  • CHAPTER V IN NORTH WALES

  • CHAPTER VI TROUBLES GATHER ABOUT RUTH

  • CHAPTER VII THE CRISIS'WATCHING AND WAITING

  • CHAPTER VIII MRS. BELLINGHAM "DOES THE THING HANDSOMELY"

  • CHAPTER IX THE STORM-SPIRIT SUBDUED

  • CHAPTER X A NOTE AND THE ANSWER

  • CHAPTER XI THURSTAN AND FAITH BENSON

  • CHAPTER XII LOSING SIGHT OF THE WELSH MOUNTAINS

  • CHAPTER XIII THE DISSENTING MINISTER'S HOUSEHOLD

  • CHAPTER XIV RUTH'S FIRST SUNDAY AT ECCLESTON

  • CHAPTER XV MOTHER AND CHILD

  • CHAPTER XVI SALLY TELLS OF HER SWEETHEARTS, AND DISCOURSES ON THE DUTIES OF LIFE

  • CHAPTER XVII LEONARD'S CHRISTENING

  • CHAPTER XVIII RUTH BECOMES A GOVERNESS IN MR. BRADSHAW'S FAMILY

  • CHAPTER XIX AFTER FIVE YEARS

  • CHAPTER XX JEMIMA REFUSES TO BE MANAGED

  • CHAPTER XXI MR. FARQUHAR'S ATTENTIONS TRANSFERRED

  • CHAPTER XXII THE LIBERAL CANDIDATE AND HIS PRECURSOR

  • CHAPTER XXIII RECOGNITION

  • CHAPTER XXIV THE MEETING ON THE SANDS

  • CHAPTER XXV JEMIMA MAKES A DISCOVERY

  • CHAPTER XXVI MR. BRADSHAW'S VIRTUOUS INDIGNATION

  • CHAPTER XXVII PREPARING TO STAND ON THE TRUTH

  • CHAPTER XXVIII AN UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN LOVERS

  • CHAPTER XXIX SALLY TAKES HER MONEY OUT OF THE BANK

  • CHAPTER XXX THE FORGED DEED

  • CHAPTER XXXI AN ACCIDENT TO THE DOVER COACH

  • CHAPTER XXXII THE BRADSHAW PEW AGAIN OCCUPIED

  • CHAPTER XXXIII A MOTHER TO BE PROUD OF

  • CHAPTER XXXIV "I MUST GO AND NURSE MR. BELLINGHAM"

  • CHAPTER XXXV OUT OF DARKNESS INTO LIGHT

  • CHAPTER XXXVI THE END

    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…