伊翁
Ion

  • 作   者:

    欧里庇得斯
    Euripides

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

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  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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Creusa, daughter of Erechtheus, was a noble native of Athens. The god Apollo seduced her in a cave; there she gave birth to his son and intended to kill him by exposure. She keeps all this a secret. Many years later she was near the end of child bearing age, and had so far been unable to have a child with her husband Xuthus, a Thessalian and son of Aeolus. So they traveled to Delphi to seek a sign from the oracles.

《伊翁》是一部古希腊欧里庇得斯的一部剧作,约写于公元前414年至公元前412年之间。作品以一个孤儿伊翁发现自己的身世开头……

Ion is an ancient Greek play by Euripides, thought to be written between 414 and 412 BC. It follows the orphan Ion in the discovery of his origins.

欧里庇得斯(前480年—前406年)与埃斯库罗斯和索福克勒斯并称为希腊三大悲剧大师,他一生共创作了九十多部作品,保留至今的有十八部。对于欧里庇得斯的评价,古往今来一向褒贬不一,有人说他是最伟大的悲剧作家,也有人说悲剧在他的手中衰亡,无论这些评价如何反复,无庸置疑的是欧里庇得斯的作品对于后世的影响是深远的。

Euripides (c. 480–406 BC) was one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens, the other two being Aeschylus and Sophocles. Some ancient scholars attributed ninety-five plays to him but according to the Suda it was ninety-two at most. Of these, eighteen or nineteen have survived more or less complete (there has been debate about his authorship of Rhesus, largely on stylistic grounds) and there are also fragments, some substantial, of most of the other plays. More of his plays have survived intact than those of Aeschylus and Sophocles together, partly due to mere chance and partly because his popularity grew as theirs declined—he became, in the Hellenistic Age, a cornerstone of ancient literary education, along with Homer, Demosthenes and Menander.

MERCURY

Atlas, that on his brazen shoulders rolls

Yon heaven, the ancient mansion of the gods,

Was by a goddess sire to Maia; she

To supreme Jove bore me, and call'd me Hermes;

Attendant on the king, his high behests

I execute. To Delphi am I come,

This land where Phoebus from his central throne

Utters to mortals his high strain, declaring

The present and the future; this is the cause;

Greece hath a city of distinguish'd glory,

Which from the goddess of the golden lance

Received its name; Erechtheus was its king;

His daughter, call'd Creusa, to the embrace

Of nuptial love Apollo strain'd perforce,

Where northward points the rock beneath the heights

Crown'd with the Athenian citadel of Pallas,

Call'd Macrai by the lords of Attica.

  • ION

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