论政治
Politic

  • 作   者:

    亚里士多德
    Aristotle

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

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  • 电子书:

    ¥1.90

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《政治学》是公元前325年亚里士多德根据他和他的学生对希腊158个城邦政治法律制度的调查结果写成的。这是古希腊第一部全面、系统地论述政治问题的著作,也是我们研究亚里士多德政治思想的主要依据。在本书中,亚里士多德的讨论十分广泛,涉及了国家(城邦)的目的、起源、产生、衰败及保全的原因,政体的分类、变革和维持,理想城邦及其构建,公民的教育等。

Aristotle's Politics is a key document in Western political thought. In these first two books Aristotle shows his complete mastery of political theory and practice, and raises many crucial issues still with us today. In Book I he argues vigorously for a political theory based on 'nature'. By nature, man is a 'political animal', one naturally fitted for life in a polis or state. Some people, however, are natural slaves; and women are by nature subordinate to men. Acquisition and exchange are natural, but not trading for profit. In Book II he launches a sharp attack on Plato's two 'utopias', the Republic and the Laws, and also criticizes three historical states reputed to be well governed: Sparta, Crete, and Carthage. This volume contains a close translation of these two books, together with a philosophical commentary. It is well suited to the requirements of readers who do not know Greek.

亚里士多德(前384-322)出生在希腊北部的斯塔基拉,是希腊伟大的哲学家、科学家。他的父亲,尼克马库斯在他儿时去世,随后阿塔纽斯成为他的监护人。18岁时,他加入雅典柏拉图的学院,并在那里一直留到37岁(公元前347年)。他的著作包含许多学科——有物理学、生物学、动物学、玄学、逻辑学、伦理学、美学、诗歌、戏剧、音乐学、修辞学、语言学、政治学。其著作构建了西方哲学的第一个广泛系统。柏拉图去世后,亚里士多德离开雅典,应马其顿菲利普的要求在前356到323年之间担任亚历山大大帝的家庭教师。根据大英百科全书所说,“亚里士多德是历史上第一位真正的科学家……”

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in Stagirus, northern Greece, in 384 BCE. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, whereafter Proxenus of Atarneus became his guardian. At eighteen, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BCE). His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great between 356 and 323 BCE. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "Aristotle was the first genuine scientist in history. ... Every scientist is in his debt."

  • BOOK ONE
  • BOOK TWO
  • BOOK THREE
  • BOOK FOUR
  • BOOK FIVE
  • BOOK SIX
  • BOOK SEVEN
  • BOOK EIGHT
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