变形记
The Metamorphosis

  • 作   者:

    弗兰兹·卡夫卡
    Franz Kafka

  • 译   者:

    重庆大学 汪俊

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

  • 8.8(5人评过)
  •   评论(32)
  •   读后感(24)

但恐世间真眷属,亲疏亦是强为名。

The Metamorphosis is a novella by Franz Kafka, first published in 1915. It is often cited as one of the seminal works of fiction of the 20th century and is widely studied in colleges and universities across the western world.

The story begins with a traveling salesman, Gregor Samsa, waking to find himself transformed into a monstrous insect-like creature.

第一部分,写格里高尔发现自己变成“巨大的甲虫”,惊慌而又忧郁。父亲发现后大怒,把他赶回自己的卧室。

第二部分,格里高尔变了,养成了甲虫的生活习性,却保留了人的意识。他失业了,仍旧关心怎样还清父亲欠的债务,送妹妹上音乐学院。可是,一个月后,他成了全家的累赘。父亲、母亲、妹妹对他改变了态度。

第三部分,为了生存,家人只得打工挣钱,忍受不了格里高尔这个负担。妹妹终于提出把哥哥弄走。格里高尔又饿又病,陷入绝望,“他怀着深情和爱意想他的一家人”,“然后他的头就不由自主地垂倒在地板上,鼻孔呼出了最后一丝气息”,死了。父亲、母亲和妹妹开始过着自己养活自己的新生活。

Part I

One day Gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman, wakes up to find himself transformed into a giant insect.

Part II

Gregor grows more comfortable with his changed body. And his family looks after his daily life. But they have already felt disgusted with him.

Part III

Grete tells her parents that they must get rid of Gregor or they will all be ruined. Her father agrees, wishing Gregor could understand them and would leave of his own accord. Gregor does in fact understand and slowly moves back to the bedroom. There, determined to rid his family of his presence, Gregor dies.

弗兰兹·卡夫卡(Franz Kafka 1883—1924)奥地利小说家。出生犹太商人家庭,18岁入布拉格大学学习文学和法律,1904年开始写作,主要作品为4部短篇小说集和3部长篇小说。可惜生前大多未发表,3部长篇也均未写完。作品包括《审判》、《失踪者》《变形记》、《失踪者》(一名《美国》)等。

Franz Kafka (1883-1924) is one of the most influential fiction writers of the early 20th century; a novelist and writer of short stories whose works, only after his death, came to be regarded as one of the major achievements of 20th century literature. Kafka's works—the novels The Trial (1925), The Castle (1926) and Amerika (1927), as well as short stories including The Metamorphosis (1915) and In the Penal Colony (1914) are now collectively considered to be among the most original bodies of work in modern Western literature. Many of his works, unfinished at the time of his death, was published posthumously.

一天清晨,当格雷戈尔·萨姆沙从恼人的梦中惊醒时,发现自己在床上变成了一只可怕的害虫。

他躺在盔甲般的背上,稍一抬头就可以看到棕色的、微微鼓起、被一条条拱形分成僵硬的小块的肚皮。

One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin.

He lay on his armor-like back, and if he lifted his head a little he could see his brown belly, slightly domed and divided by arches into stiff sections.

卡夫卡擅长表现主义。生活在奥匈帝国即将走向瓦解的时候,他对政治抱着旁观态度,所以他的作品大都用变形形象和象征手法,表现对充满敌意的社会的厌恶和自己的孤立、绝望。

“卡夫卡的最大问题是绝望。这绝望是永恒的,绝对的,是他的美学内核。”——苏美

“我不识内涵,我没有钥匙,我不信谣传,一切均可理解,因为一切就是我自己。”——卡夫卡

Often cited as one of the most influential works of short fiction of the 20th century, Metamorphosis is widely studied in colleges and universities across the western world. Nobel Peace Prize winner Elias Canetti described it as "one of the few great and perfect works of the poetic imagination written..."

  • 第一章

  • 第二章

  • 第三章

  • I

  • II

  • III

  • 幸福的结局?

    结局,一家人迈向新生活的时候,我心理感情非常复杂,很多话想说,说不出来。想骂,又觉得一切都好像就应该是这个样子的。     时不时想起那个嵌在甲壳中腐烂掉,沾满了灰尘的苹果。想起为了希望自己妹妹可以感到歉疚,怄气一样待在最肮脏的角落样子。想起绅士们用心聆听琴声时的样子。   有点乱, 但是总是挥之不去。     恍……展开↓

  • 每个人的变形记

    主人公格里高尔原本是一个善良、忠厚而又富有责任感的小人物,辛勤工作赚钱养家,受尽劳苦毫无怨言。然而一夜之间变成一只无法再养家的大甲虫,于是成为了这个困窘家庭的累赘。本来平平淡淡,温情脉脉的一家人,也在日日夜夜间发生了质的变化。他突然发现自己变成大甲虫时的惊慌、忧郁,他考虑家庭经济状况时的焦虑、自责,他遭亲人厌弃后的……展开↓

  • 小人物的命运

    主人公格里高尔是个小人物。父亲破产,母亲生病,妹妹上学。沉重的家庭负担和父亲的债务,压得格里高尔喘不过气来。他拼命干活,目的是还清父债,改善家庭生活。在公司,他受老板的气,指望还清父债后辞职。可以说,对父母他是个孝子,对妹妹他是个好哥哥,对公司他是个好职员。变成甲虫,身体越来越差,他还为还清父债担忧,还眷恋家人,甚……展开↓

  • 埋葬

    格里高尔是有责任感的好男人,在自己的变异后,他本能地担忧今后的工作该怎么办,家人的生活该怎么办。他为之倾注了心血的家人在经历最初的恐惧和忧伤之后慢慢以厌恶和累赘之心待之,这伤害在父亲不断用苹果——即《创世记》中的善恶之果扔格里高尔的行为中达到极致,那个深嵌在它背上的苹果就是道德对他的致命一击。他为之所付出的东西反过……展开↓

更多
更多