马丁·伊登
Martin Eden

  • 作   者:

    杰克·伦敦
    Jack London

  • 译   者:

    罗晓灵等

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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《马丁•伊登》是世界文学史上最著名的自传体小说之一,被认为是杰克•伦敦最优秀的代表作品,同时也在美国文学发展史上发挥着先驱的作用。杰克•伦敦因为这部作品而一跃与马克•吐温等美国文学史上的知名作家齐名。在这部带有自传色彩的长篇小说中,杰克•伦敦不但倾注了他的全部心血,写下了自己如何在平庸的资产阶级鄙夷下含辛茹苦地读书和写作的经历,也尽情阐释了他个人混杂着的马克思主义的阶级观、斯宾塞的社会达尔文主义和尼采的“超人”说的社会见解。

Martin Eden, Jack London's semiautobiographical novel about a struggling young writer, is considered by many to be the author's most mature work. Personifying London's own dreams of education and literary fame as a young man in San Francisco, Martin Eden's impassioned but ultimately ineffective battle to overcome his bleak circumstances makes him one of the most memorable and poignant characters Jack London ever created. Martin Eden follows the rise and fall of a young sailor who by sheer force of will educates himself and succeeds in becoming a famous writer. It is also a valuable story about a young man maturing in his conception of love as regards the opposite sex.

青年水手马丁·伊登偶然结识了上流社会的罗丝小姐,受她的启发,发愤自学,并开始了艰苦的创作生涯。尽管处处碰壁,他仍不愿听从罗丝的安排,进她父亲的事务所,做个“有为青年”。后来他突然时来运转,以前被退回的稿件纷纷得到发表,成为当红作家。以前看不起他的亲友都争先恐后地来请他吃饭,连已和他决裂的罗丝也主动前来投怀送抱。这使他看清了这个世态炎凉的社会,对爱情所抱的美妙幻想也彻底破灭。他发现原来一切都是那么空虚,精神上的痛苦难以忍受,终于结束了自己的生命。作品虽然塑造了马丁这样一个强者,但又以他的自杀表现了对生命终极意义的否定。作品已被译成六十多种文字,在全世界广为流传。

Living in Oakland at the dawn of the 20th century, Martin Eden struggles to rise far above his destitute proletarian circumstances through an intense and passionate pursuit of self-education in order to achieve a coveted place among the literary elite. The main driving force behind Martin Eden's efforts is his love for Ruth Morse. Because Eden is a rough, uneducated sailor from a working-class background, and the Morses are a bourgeois family, a union between them would be impossible until he reaches their level of wealth and perceived cultural, intellectual refinement.

Just before the literary establishment discovers Eden’s talents as a writer and lavishes him with the fame and fortune that he had incessantly promised Ruth (for the last two years) would come, she loses her patience and rejects him in a wistful letter: "if only you had settled down...and attempted to make something of yourself." When the publishers and the bourgeois—the very ones who shunned him—are finally at his feet, Martin has already begrudged them and become jaded by unrequited toil and love. Instead of enjoying his success, Eden retreats into a quiet indifference, only interrupted to mentally rail against the genteelness of bourgeois society or to donate his new wealth to working class friends and family.

The novel ends with Martin Eden committing suicide by drowning, a detail which undoubtedly contributed to what researcher Clarice Stasz calls the 'biographical myth' that Jack London's own death was a suicide.

杰克·伦敦(Jack London)(1876—1916年),美国20世纪著名的现实主义作家,是美国文学史上最重要的作家之一。出生于美国加利福尼亚旧金山的一个破产农民家庭。从1900年起,他连续发表了许多中短篇小说,因其作品大都带有浓厚的社会主义色彩,因此有人认为他是宣扬社会主义的作家,但也有人认为他是表现个人主义与民众哲学的自然主义作家。他的作品不仅在美国本土广为流传,而且受到世界各国人民的欢迎,是最受中国读者欢迎的外国作家之一。杰克·伦敦一生著述颇丰,其中最著名的有《马丁·伊登》、《野性的呼唤》、《雪虎》、《热爱生命》等。

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876—November 22, 1916) was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He is best remembered as the author of The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life. He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen, and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf . London was a passionate advocate of unionization, socialism, and the rights of workers and wrote several powerful works dealing with these topics such as his dystopian novel, The Iron Heel and his non-fiction exposé, The People of the Abyss.

他像在朦胧如梦幻般的海洋里慵懒地漂浮着。斑斓的色彩和光芒包围了他,沐浴了他,浸透了他。那是什么?似乎是一座灯塔;可那灯塔在他的大脑中——一束闪烁的明亮的白光。白光的闪动越来越快,然后是长时间隆隆的声音,他觉得自己在一个无底的楼梯上滚落,快到楼梯底时坠入了黑暗。他的意识就此结束。他已落进了黑暗里。当他意识到这一点时,他的意识停止了。

He seemed floating languidly in a sea of dreamy vision.Colors and radiances surrounded him and bathed him and pervaded him.What was that?It seemed a lighthouse; but it was inside his brain—a flashing, bright white light.It flashed swifter and swifter. There was a long rumble of sound, and it seemed to him that he was falling down a vast and interminable stairway. And somewhere at the bottom he fell into darkness.That much he knew.He had fallen into darkness.And at the instant he knew, he ceased to know.

这是一部带有自传色彩的长篇小说,在这本小说中,杰克·伦敦倾注了他的全部心血,通过对马丁•伊登写作成长经历的描写,反映了自己如何在平庸的资产阶级的鄙夷下努力地读书和写作的经历,从中我们可以看出他个人的社会见解混杂着马克思主义的阶级观、斯宾塞的社会达尔文主义和尼采的“超人”说。

《马丁•伊登》是杰克·伦敦的代表作,带有自传性质,是世界文学史上最著名的自传体小说之一。

Martin Eden is assuredly one of Jack London’s greatest works. —Upton Sinclair

As Paul Berman points out in his Introduction, "In Martin Eden, London created one of the great twisted heroes of American literature . . . a hero doomed from the outset because his own passions are bigger and more complicated than any man could bear."

In a note to Upton Sinclair, Jack London wrote, "One of my motifs, in this book, was an attack on individualism (in the person of the hero). I must have bungled, for not a single reviewer has discovered it."

Joan London noted that "ignoring its tragic ending," the book is often regarded as "a 'success' story...which inspired not only a whole generation of young writers but other different fields who, without aid or encouragement, attained their objectives through great struggle."

  • 第一章

  • 第二章

  • 第三章

  • 第四章

  • 第五章

  • 第六章

  • 第七章

  • 第八章

  • 第九章

  • 第十章

  • 第十一章

  • 第十二章

  • 第十三章

  • 第十四章

  • 第十五章

  • 第十六章

  • 第十七章

  • 第十八章

  • 第十九章

  • 第二十章

  • 第二十一章

  • 第二十二章

  • 第二十三章

  • 第二十四章

  • 第二十五章

  • 第二十六章

  • 第二十七章

  • 第二十八章

  • 第二十九章

  • 第三十章

  • 第三十一章

  • 第三十二章

  • 第三十三章

  • 第三十四章

  • 第三十五章

  • 第三十六章

  • 第三十七章

  • 第三十八章

  • 第三十九章

  • 第四十章

  • 第四十一章

  • 第四十二章

  • 第四十三章

  • 第四十四章

  • 第四十五章

  • 第四十六章

  • CHAPTER I

  • CHAPTER II

  • CHAPTER III

  • CHAPTER IV

  • CHAPTER V

  • CHAPTER VI

  • CHAPTER VII

  • CHAPTER VIII

  • CHAPTER IX

  • CHAPTER X

  • CHAPTER XI

  • CHAPTER XII

  • CHAPTER XIII

  • CHAPTER XIV

  • CHAPTER XV

  • CHAPTER XVI

  • CHAPTER XVII

  • CHAPTER XVIII

  • CHAPTER XIX

  • CHAPTER XX

  • CHAPTER XXI

  • CHAPTER XXII

  • CHAPTER XXIII

  • CHAPTER XXIV

  • CHAPTER XXV

  • CHAPTER XXVI

  • CHAPTER XXVII

  • CHAPTER XXVIII

  • CHAPTER XXIX

  • CHAPTER XXX

  • CHAPTER XXXI

  • CHAPTER XXXII

  • CHAPTER XXXIII

  • CHAPTER XXXIV

  • CHAPTER XXXV

  • CHAPTER XXXVI

  • CHAPTER XXXVII

  • CHAPTER XXXVIII

  • CHAPTER XXXIX

  • CHAPTER XL

  • CHAPTER XLI

  • CHAPTER XLII

  • CHAPTER XLIII

  • CHAPTER XLIV

  • CHAPTER XLV

  • CHAPTER XLVI

  • 马丁

    小说的主人翁马丁是杰克·伦敦的一个缩影,在杰克·伦敦自传中,他提到过他曾在一艘三桅帆船上当过水手,后来出于对知识的渴求以及对写作的热爱,逐步跻身文坛。  马丁的个人奋斗过程也很具有传奇性,他利用醒着的时间的每一片刻做活,他直劳作至天黑,每天写出三千字,每天晚上他巡阅那些周刊和杂志。“他主观的心灵,在那五个钟头的休息……展开↓

  • 现实的残酷

    马丁伊登不过是一个平凡的下等老百姓。每天接触的是“不懂语法、不知礼仪、穿着粗陋、没有知识的人”。这么一个屌丝,就好好继续认真做吧,可是不,他却爱上了上流社会的小姐罗丝。面对完全陌生的环境和从没听过的知识,马丁并没有畏惧和退缩,他奋发图强,每天泡在图书馆里学习,他并没有感到自卑和绝望,而是始终相信通过自己的努力,可以……展开↓

  • 作品反映的时代

    杰克伦敦描述了19世纪末、20世纪初的美国社会面貌,以马丁伊登的角色反映和揭露了美国上层社会的虚伪和奢淫,也在一定程度上表达了下层人民渴望过上幸福美好的生活的愿望和暗示了马丁这个理想型人物注定的悲剧。联系我们现在的世界,和那时候的美国反而有着惊人的相似之处,也有类似马丁努力向上的人物,但他们不会象马丁那样看透了一切……展开↓

  • 人生是试错

    也许做过一些盲目的选择,下过一些错误的决定。然而,人的一生也只是那样而已,有人定义成功有人定义失败,目前的我就像马丁一样今年在进行着思想的革命,知道革命一定会成功,却暂时还制定不出革命前面的方案和路线。我还是想按着自己的意愿自己的想法走下去,随心而欲,坚持着。革命尚未成功,同志仍需努力。    久久不能让读者从马丁……展开↓

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