野性的呼唤(第3级)(书虫·牛津英汉双语读物)
The Call of the Wild

  • 副标题:

    书虫·牛津英汉双语读物

  • 作   者:

    杰克·伦敦
    Jack London

  • 译   者:

    任欣平等

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 版   本:

    中 / 英 / 双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

  • 9.3(6人评过)
  •   评论(98)
  •   读后感(30)

《野性的呼唤》为一部动物冒险小说,是美国文学史上的经典作品,也是杰克•伦敦的代表作之一,被誉为“世界上读得最多的美国小说”。小说中体现的主题——推崇战胜敌人后而存活所需的力量与勇气,一直是杰克•伦敦创作的核心思想。小说不仅十分畅销,而且被多次改编成电影。小说讲述的是一只良犬逐渐回归野性、重返荒野的过程,这一过程充满了野性与人性之间的交织与角斗,而最终野性占据了主导。作者藉此深刻反映了“弱肉强食”的丛林法则。

The Call of the Wild is a novella by American author Jack London published in 1903. The story takes place in the extreme conditions of the Yukon during the 19th-century Klondike Gold Rush, where strong sled dogs were in high demand. After Buck, a domesticated dog, is snatched from a pastoral ranch in California, he is sold into a brutal life as a sled dog. The novella details Buck's struggle to adjust and survive the cruel treatment he receives from humans, other dogs, and nature. He eventually sheds the veneer of civilization altogether and instead relies on primordial instincts and the lessons he has learned to become a respected and feared leader in the wild.

The Call of the Wild is London's most popular work and is considered the masterpiece of his so-called "early period." The novella is often classified as children's literature because of its animal protagonist, but the maturity of its subject matter makes it valuable for older audiences as well. Major themes include survival of the fittest, civilization versus nature, and fate versus free will.

The Yeehat, a group of Canadian aboriginal people portrayed in Call of the Wild, were a figment of London's imagination.

小说讲述一条狗——“巴克”的故事,从一只养尊处优、身强体壮、自命不凡的农庄领头狗,到挣扎在冰川雪地里的饥肠辘辘、瘦骨嶙峋的雪橇狗,直到最后带领狼群,在旷野中自由奔跑,令伊哈族人闻风丧胆的“魔”狗,巴克经历了被人拐卖、虐待、奴役到被拯救,最后彻底抛弃人类这样的历程。

Gold was found in Alaska, the rush to obtain it required a strong constitution and many dogs to do the work that horses usually did in the states. Buck (a dog that is half St Bernard and half Shepherd) goes through many trials, and tribulations, finally realizing his potential. On the way, he learns many concepts from surprise, to deceit, and cunning; he also learns loyalty, devotion, and love. As he is growing, he feels the call of the wild.

杰克·伦敦(Jack London)(1876—1916年),美国20世纪著名的现实主义作家,是美国文学史上最重要的作家之一。出生于美国加利福尼亚旧金山的一个破产农民家庭。从1900年起,他连续发表了许多中短篇小说,因其作品大都带有浓厚的社会主义色彩,因此有人认为他是宣扬社会主义的作家,但也有人认为他是表现个人主义与民众哲学的自然主义作家。他的作品不仅在美国本土广为流传,而且受到世界各国人民的欢迎,是最受中国读者欢迎的外国作家之一。杰克·伦敦一生著述颇丰,其中最著名的有《马丁·伊登》、《野性的呼唤》、《雪虎》、《热爱生命》等。

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876—November 22, 1916) was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He is best remembered as the author of The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life. He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen, and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf . London was a passionate advocate of unionization, socialism, and the rights of workers and wrote several powerful works dealing with these topics such as his dystopian novel, The Iron Heel and his non-fiction exposé, The People of the Abyss.

有一种荒野的耐性——顽强不屈、不知疲倦,像生命本身一样持久稳固——可以使荒野里的生物保持一个动作,长时间纹丝不动。蜘蛛网里的蜘蛛,盘成圈的蛇,处在埋伏状态的豹,他们都具备这种耐性。这种耐性尤其属于正在猎取赖以生存的食物时的生命。这种耐性巴克也有。他紧守着鹿群的一侧走,阻挡公驼鹿的前进,激怒那些幼驼鹿,骚扰那些带着半大驼鹿的母驼鹿,逼得那只受伤的公驼鹿在愤怒而无助中发狂。

There is a patience of the wild—dogged, tireless, persistent as life itself—that holds motionless for endless hours the spider in its web, the snake in its coils, the panther in its ambuscade; this patience belongs peculiarly to life when it hunts its living food;and it belonged to Buck as he clung to the flank of the herd, retarding its march, irritating the young bulls, worrying the cows with their half-grown calves, and driving the wounded bull mad with helpless rage.

杰克·伦敦是世界上动物小说写得最好的作家之一,他从动物的视角观察人类和自然,通过动物的思维观察人类的行为,由此可见杰克·伦敦对自然的向往,还有对于生命的歌颂和热爱。

《野性的呼唤》是最受读者青睐的动物小说之一,被称为“世界上读者最多的美国小说”。

对杰克·伦敦的作品有人评论为,生气勃勃,健康乐观;也有人认为是文明的头脑与原始的强力的结合,是科学进化论的喉舌,代表了朝气和勇敢。他最擅长的是对于原始暴力和个人奋斗的描写,这在他的极地小说和海洋小说里表现得最为突出。《野性的呼唤》是极地小说的代表作。

 入选美国兰登书屋《现代丛书》美国文学鉴赏家推荐的“20世纪百部杰出英文小说”!

美东著名文学家和评论家陈楚年先生在《天下华人》杂志中发表的《聆捕杰克·伦敦〈野性的呼唤〉》一文中写道:“《野性的呼唤》蕴涵了一个有力的启示:苦难会给生命带来意外的转折;它不仅会提升人的应对潜能,更会使心灵中长久掩藏的世界,透过某种玄秘的启示于焉复活。反向的衍叙是:离开你一向习以为常的制约下的世界未必就是失落,在漫长磨难尽头等着的,往往正是你应归属的。”

“To this day Jack London is the most widely read American writer in the world,” E. L. Doctorow wrote in The New York Times Book Review. Generally considered to be London's greatest achievement, The Call of the Wild brought him international acclaim when it was published in 1903. His story of the dog Buck, who learns to survive in the bleak Yukon wilderness, is viewed by many as his symbolic autobiography. "No other popular writer of his time did any better writing than you will find in The Call of the Wild,” said H. L. Mencken. "Here, indeed, are all the elements of sound fiction."

  • 第一章 走进荒野
  • 第二章 棍棒与獠牙的法则
  • 第三章 有统治欲的原始野兽
  • 第四章 谁取得了统治权
  • 第五章 辔轭和雪道上的苦役
  • 第六章 为了一个人的爱
  • 第七章 呼唤的声音
  • 犬的故事

    当下以狗为题材的作品越来越多了,有《导盲犬小Q》,有《忠犬八公的故事》。虽然这篇小说的主人公巴克只是一条狗,但是它艰苦卓绝的生存道路,反映了作家所生活的时代中的个人奋斗的真谛。这也是当时处于美国盛行的自然主义思潮的一种反映,也十分强烈地展现了了达尔文的自然环境下“适者生存”的自然选择思想的社会选择观。社会从远古发展……展开↓

  • 生命中的血性

    从一个教育工作者的角度来说,我鼓励我的孩子和我的学生读这样的作品。因为现在的中国,无论是哪个阶段的人,都普遍缺少血性。不劳而获,靠关系吃饭,钻营交际,这些成了人人向往追求的东西。主人公巴克从一只快乐满足的宠物狗,被人类贩卖到寒冷荒蛮的北极,成为一名拉雪撬的工作犬。每天除了艰苦的工作外,还要面临食物短缺,同伴的欺负,……展开↓

  • 两种回归

    同是杰克伦敦的作品,野性的呼唤 The Call of the Wild,回归自然野性;白牙White Fang 回归到人类身边。两部作品,两种回归,从狗到狼,从狼到狗,都惊心动魄,残酷血腥,自由与禁锢、善良与邪恶交织其中。无论哪种回归,都是自由平等对内心的召唤。展开↓

  • 荒野的英雄生命的礼赞

    该小说讲的是一只名叫巴克的狗,它原是米勒法官的一只爱犬,经过了文明的教化,一直生活在美国南部加州一个温暖的山谷里,后被卖到美国北部寒冷偏远,盛产黄金的阿拉斯加,成了一只拉雪橇的狗。它目睹了人与人,狗与狗,强者与弱者之间的冷酷无情和生死争夺,于是为了生存,它学会了只求活命,不顾道义的处事原则,变得凶悍,机智和狡诈。……展开↓

更多
    暂时还没有评论,去书内看看…
  • 第一次偷窃行为表明:巴克能适应北方充满敌意的环境,并且能够存活下来。这标志着他的适应性,这种适应性能使他随着环境的改变调适自... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    喵~

    2012-11-06 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • 他愤怒至极,第一次看见快递邮差向他走过来,他就狂吠起来,而那些人就以戏弄他作为报复。他猛地扑向箱子的栏杆,哆嗦着、口吐白沫,... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    第三人称的角度描写巴克的状态,所以心理描写就略显单薄。

    2012-11-02 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • 巴克住在充满阳光的圣克拉拉山谷中的一所大房子里。这里被称作法官米勒先生的家。这栋房子旁边有条大道,树阴遮住了房子的一半。透过... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    额滴神,这才是房子呢。神都百姓奋斗一生买的水泥笼子算个神马

    2012-11-02 喜欢(1) 回复(1)

  • The Outsiders were timid and frightened, the Insiders without... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    the new master is really unprofessional that they do not know anything about the travel, they can control well what the are going to do , and do not know the right thing , they only know how to put the wrong on others. this will entire the dogs. i feel sad that buck can not say and just being so unfair.

    2016-12-21 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • Buck stood and looked on, the successful champion, the... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    after a long time to work in the strict environment , buck finally remind himself the wild way to live, and the original happy from the blood.

    2016-12-21 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • This was a great relief, and Buck caused even the weazened... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    here appear the happiness the in the travel, it is very seldom in such a hard travel, and it means buck get a good suit to the team and the new master.

    2016-12-21 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • “Three very good dogs,” Francois told Perrault. “Dat Buck, him... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    here show that half of buck's blood from his mother make him very smart, this is why he can live for such a long time.

    2016-12-21 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • They closed in upon her, snarling and yelping, and she was... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    this is really cruel. this is the world that the weakness will be eatton by stronger, it is like the business situation in our world, if you are week , or less knowledge , you will be out.

    2016-12-21 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • The onlookers laughed uproariously, and he felt ashamed, he... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    it is cute to see buck first see the snow, buck too long to stay in the south house and did not see the world outside, it is a kind of rude to the animal.

    2016-12-21 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

  • He was friendly, in a treacherous sort of way, smiling into... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    it is very interesting that under the author's words, the dog also have different characters, and the rich of dog's feeling is more than what we think.

    2016-12-21 喜欢(0) 回复(0)

更多