雾都孤儿
Oliver Twist

  • 作   者:

    查尔斯·狄更斯
    Charles Dickens

  • 译   者:

    袁泉等

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥6.90

  • 9(2人评过)
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  •   读后感(22)

每个人都可能有着与生俱来的高贵血统,即便是在济贫院长大的孩子。

Set in Victorian London, this is a tale of a spirited young innocent's unwilling but inevitable recruitment into a scabrous gang of thieves. Oliver Twist is born into a life of poverty and misfortune in a workhouse in an unnamed town. Oliver is brought up with little food and few comforts. He endures a miserable existence in a workhouse and then is placed with an undertaker. He escapes and travels to London where he meets the Artful Dodger, leader of a gang of juvenile pickpockets. Oliver is led to the lair of their elderly criminal trainer Fagin, naively unaware of their unlawful activities. Then Nancy helped him to get rid of the gangsters. She sent a secret message to Mr. Brownlow who had once took Oliver in, saying that Oliver was actually his long-lost grandson. At last, Oliver had achieved his happiness.

《雾都孤儿》是英国作家狄更斯于1838年出版的写实小说。以雾都伦敦为背景,讲述了一个孤儿悲惨的身世及遭遇,主人公奥立弗在孤儿院长大,经历学徒生涯,艰苦逃难,误入贼窝,又被迫与狠毒的凶徒为伍,历尽无数辛酸,最后在善良人的帮助下,查明身世并获得了幸福。如同狄更斯的其他小说,本书揭露许多当时的社会问题,如救济院、童工、以及帮派吸收青少年参与犯罪等。

Oliver Twist, is the second novel by English author Charles Dickens, published by Richard Bentley in 1838. The story is about an orphan, Oliver Twist, who was brought up in the orphanage and once led to do unlawful activities. At last, helped by some kind people, he achieved happiness. This novel is an early example of the social novel, the book calls the public's attention to various contemporary evils, including the poor law, child labor, the recruitment of children as criminals, and the presence of "street children". Dickens mocks the hypocrisies of his time by surrounding the novel's serious themes with sarcasm and dark humor.

狄更斯,19世纪英国批判现实主义小说家。狄更斯特别注意描写生活在英国社会底层的“小人物”的生活遭遇,深刻地反映了当时英国复杂的社会现实,为英国批判现实主义文学的开拓和发展做出了卓越的贡献。他的作品至今依然盛行,对英国文学发展起到了深远的影响。主要作品《匹克威克外传》、《雾都孤儿》 、《老古玩店》、《艰难时世》、《我们共同的朋友》。

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812—9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic who is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period and the creator of some of the world's most memorable fictional characters. During his lifetime Dickens's works enjoyed unprecedented popularity and fame, and by the twentieth century his literary genius was fully recognized by critics and scholars. His novels and short stories continue to enjoy an enduring popularity among the general reading public.

那些曾经生活富裕、交了很多年税的人一进入济贫院,是最先衰弱下来的。我跟你说,邦布尔先生,每个人比估算的大出三到四英寸,就会让某人的利润大大亏损,尤其是这人还要养家的时候,先生。”

The people who have been better off, and have paid rates for many years, are the first to sink when they come into the house; and let me tell you, Mr. Bumble, that three or four inches over one’s calculation makes a great hole in one’s profits: especially when one has a family to provide for, sir.”

狄更斯无情地揭露和批判了当时资本主义社会的黑暗和虚伪。个性化的语言是狄更斯在人物塑造上运用得十分出色的一种手段。书中的流氓、盗贼、妓女的语言都切合其身份。然而,狄更斯决不作自然主义的再现,而是进行加工、提炼和选择,避免使用污秽、下流的话语。

“英国近代文学史上,他是唯一可以和莎士比亚媲美的伟大作家。”——戴维·赫伯特·劳伦斯

从他悲惨的童年中看到一个时代。

  • 第一章 对奥利弗·特威斯特的出生地点和出生详情的描写

  • 第二章 对奥利弗·特威斯特的成长、教育和食宿情况的介绍

  • 第三章 对奥利弗·特威斯特如何差点得到一个不是闲差的职位的叙述

  • 第四章 奥利弗得到另一个职位,初次涉世

  • 第五章 奥利弗结交新伙伴。第一次参加葬礼,他就对主人的生意产生了不适宜的看法

  • 第六章 奥利弗被诺亚的嘲笑激怒,奋起反击,诺亚大吃一惊

  • 第七章 奥利弗继续抵抗

  • 第八章 奥利弗步行去伦敦。他在路上遇到一位相当奇怪的小绅士

  • 第九章 包含更多有关亲切老绅士及其得意门生的细节

  • 第十章 奥利弗对新伙伴的性情越来越熟悉,花了高昂的代价获取经验。本章虽短,在这部传记中却非常重要

  • 第十一章 对治安官范昂其人以及他办案方式的一个小例子的详述

  • 第十二章 对奥利弗得到的前所未有的照顾,以及那位快乐的老先生及其年轻朋友们的叙述

  • 第十三章 向聪明的读者介绍几位新朋友以及他们与本故事有关的各种趣事

  • 第十四章 对奥利弗在布朗洛先生家情形的详细描述,以及在他外出办事时一位叫格林维格的先生为他所作的一番值得注意的预言

  • 第十五章 对快活的犹太佬和南希小姐是何等喜爱奥利弗·特威斯特的描述

  • 第十六章 对奥利弗·特威斯特被南希领走之后情况的叙述

  • 第十七章 奥利弗接连不断的厄运,以及一位前来伦敦的重要人物对奥利弗名声的伤害

  • 第十八章 讲述奥利弗在他那群有声望的朋友当中是如何度日的

  • 第十九章 对一个值得留意的计划的讨论和决定

  • 第二十章 讲述奥利弗是如何被托付给威廉·赛克斯先生的

  • 第二十一章

  • 第二十二章 夜盗

  • 第二十三章 本章讲述邦布尔先生和一位女士进行的一次愉快的谈话,还包括这番谈话的具体内容,表明就算是一名教区执事,有时候也会为感情左右

  • 第二十四章 本章讲述一个非常无聊的话题,本章篇幅很短,不过在这部传记中很可能意义重大

  • 第二十五章 本章中,这部传记转而讲述费金先生和他的同伴

  • 第二十六章 在这一章里,一个神秘的角色登场了,许多与本传记密切相关的事情也发生了

  • 第二十七章 为前面某章中极其不礼貌地将一位女士抛在一旁的行为致歉

  • 第二十八章 寻找奥利弗,继续讲述他的遭遇

  • 第二十九章 介绍奥利弗投靠的这一大家子的情况

  • 第三十章 讲述前来探望奥利弗的人对他的印象

  • 第三十一章 危急的处境

  • 第三十二章 奥利弗和善良的朋友们开始幸福的生活

  • 第三十三章 奥利弗和朋友们的幸福生活突然被打断了

  • 第三十四章 介绍一位新登场的年轻先生的相关情况和奥利弗一次新的奇遇

  • 第三十五章 奥利弗的奇遇结果令人不太满意;哈里·梅莱和罗丝之间一次比较重要的谈话

  • 第三十六章 本篇很短,看起来似乎不是特别重要,尽管如此,读者还是应将其当作上一章的延续来读,也应当把它看作是了解将来自会发生之事的关键

  • 第三十七章 在本章里,读者将看到婚姻生活里司空见惯的反差情形

  • 第三十八章 本章记述了邦布尔夫妇与蒙克斯先生的夜间会晤

  • 第三十九章 介绍几位值得尊敬的人物,都是读者已经熟知的人了;看看蒙克斯和老犹太人是怎样顶着颇有价值的脑袋聚在一起的

  • 第四十章 紧接着上一章而来的一次不寻常的会面

  • 第四十一章 有了这么多新的发现,表明意外总是接踵而来,正如总是祸不单行一样

  • 第四十二章 奥利弗的一个老熟人展示出极高的天赋,在首都成了一个公众人物

  • 第四十三章 以下讲述狡猾的机灵鬼是怎样遇到麻烦的

  • 第四十四章 到了向罗丝·梅莱履行承诺的时候,南希却无法赴约

  • 第四十五章 费金雇诺亚·克雷波尔完成一项秘密任务

  • 第四十六章 守约

  • 第四十七章 致命后果

  • 第四十八章 赛克斯逃亡

  • 第四十九章 蒙克斯和布朗洛先生终于见面,他们的谈话以及打断此次谈话的一则消息

  • 第五十章 逃与追

  • 第五十一章 本章将为若干谜团解开谜底,并讲述一桩没有承诺亦没有彩礼的婚事

  • 第五十二章 费金在人世间的最后一夜

  • 第五十三章 大结局

  • CHAPTER I Treats of the place where Oliver Twist was born and of the circumstances attending his birth

  • CHAPTER II Treats of Oliver Twist’s growth, education, and board

  • CHAPTER III Relates how Oliver Twist was very near getting a place which would not have been a sinecure

  • CHAPTER IV Oliver, being offered another place, makes his first entry into public life

  • CHAPTER V Oliver mingles with new associates. Going to a funeral for the first time, he forms an unfavorable notion of his master's business

  • CHAPTER VI Oliver, being goaded by the taunts of noah, rouses into action, and rather astonishes him

  • CHAPTER VII Oliver continues refractory

  • CHAPTER VIII Oliver walks to London. He encounters on the road a strange sort of young gentleman

  • CHAPTER IX Containing further particulars concerning the pleasant old gentleman, and his hopeful pupils

  • CHAPTER X Oliver becomes better acquainted with the characters of his new associates; and purchases experience at a high price. Being a short, but very important chapter, in this history

  • CHAPTER XI Treats of Mr. Fang the police magistrate; and furnishes a slight specimen of his mode of administering justice

  • CHAPTER XII In which Oliver is taken better care of than he ever was before. And in which the narrative reverts to the merry old gentleman and his youthful friends.

  • CHAPTER XIII Some new acquaintances are introduced to the intelligent reader, connected with whom various pleasant matters are related, appertaining to this history

  • CHAPTER XIV Comprising further particulars of Oliver’s stay at Mr. Brownlow’s, with the remarkable prediction which one Mr. Grimwig uttered concerning him, when he went out on an errand

  • CHAPTER XV Showing how very fond of Oliver Twist, the merry old jew and miss nancy were

  • CHAPTER XVI Relates what became of Oliver Twist, after he had been claimed by Nancy

  • CHAPTER XVII Oliver’s destiny continuing unpropitious, brings a great man to london to injure his reputation.

  • CHAPTER XVIII How Oliver passed his time in the improving society of his reputable friends

  • CHAPTER XIX In which a notable plan is discussed and determined on

  • CHAPTER XX Wherein Oliver is delivered over to Mr. William Sikes

  • CHAPTER XXI

  • CHAPTER XXII The Burglary

  • CHAPTER XXIII Which contains the substance of a pleasant conversation between Mr. Bumble and a lady; and shows that even a beadle may be susceptible on some points

  • CHAPTER XXIV Treats on a very poor subject. But is a short one, and may be found of importance in this history.

  • CHAPTER XXV Wherein this history reverts to Mr. Fagin and company

  • CHAPTER XXVI In which a mysterious character appears upon the scene; and many things, inseparable from this history, are done and performed

  • CHAPTER XXVII At ones for the unpoliteness of a former chapter; which deserted a lady, most unceremoniously

  • CHAPTER XXVIII Looks after Oliver, and proceeds with his adventures

  • CHAPTER XXIX Has an introductory account of the inmates of the house, to which Oliver resorted.

  • CHAPTER XXX Relates what Oliver’s new visitors thought of him

  • CHAPTER XXXI Involves a critical position

  • CHAPTER XXXII Of the happy life Oliver began to lead with his kind friends

  • CHAPTER XXXIII Wherein the happiness of Oliver and his friends, experiences a sudden check

  • CHAPTER XXXIV Contains some introductory particulars relative to a young gentleman who now arrives upon the scene; and a new adventure which happened to Oliver

  • CHAPTER XXXV Containing the unsatisfactory result of Oliver’s adventure; and a conversation of some importance between Harry Maylie and Rose

  • CHAPTER XXXVI Is a very short one, and may appear of no great importance in its place, but it should be read notwithstanding, as a sequel to the last, and a key to one that will follow when its time arrives

  • CHAPTER XXXVII In which the reader may perceive a contrast, not uncommon in matrimonial cases

  • CHAPTER XXXVIII Containing an account of what passed between Mr. and Mrs. bumble, and Mr. monks, at their nocturnal interview

  • CHAPTER XXXIX Introduces some respectable characters with whom the reader is already acquainted, and shows how Monks and the Jew laid their worthy heads together

  • CHAPTER XL A strange interview, which is a sequel to the last chamber

  • CHAPTER XLI Containing fresh discoveries, and showing that suprises, like misfortunes, seldom come alone.

  • CHAPTER XLII An old acquaintance of Oliver’s, exhibiting decided marks of genius, becomes a public character in the metropolis

  • CHAPTER XLIII Wherein is shown how the artful Dodger got into trouble

  • CHAPTER XLIV The time arrives for Nancy to redeem her pledge to Rose Maylie. She fail.

  • CHAPTER XLV Noah Claypole is employed by Fagin on a secret mission

  • CHAPTER XLVI The appointment kept

  • CHAPTER XLVII Fatal consequences

  • CHAPTER XLVIII The flight of sikes

  • CHAPTER XLIX Monks and Mr. Brownlow at length meet. Their conversation, and the intelligence that interrupts it

  • CHAPTER L The pursuit and escape

  • CHAPTER LI Affording an explanation of more mysteries than one, and comprehending a proposal of marriage with no word of settlement or pin-money

  • CHAPTER LII Fagin’s last night alive

  • CHAPTER LIII And last

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